PSYA01H3 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Hermann Ebbinghaus, Texas State Highway Loop 20, Classical Conditioning

337 views4 pages
Published on 19 Jul 2016
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA01H3
1. How likely is it to create false memories according to research?
1. It is relatively easy
2. Jessica is a medical school student. One day she looked at one patient’s hospital chart in class.
Although this patient appeared to have problems with his intestines, Jessica thought the pattern
of the lab results resembled those of a patient with lupus who Jessica has seen in the clinic
earlier this week. Jessica is showing an example of:
1. How recent exposure to an example can influence categorization decisions
1.1. Our ability to form categories is based on our experience. These are
times when our reliance on previously experienced items can lead us astray
3. Bipolar cells enhance which attribute of visual perception?
1. Image sharpness
1.1. Retinal ganglion cells combine information from multiple photoreceptors
in a way that edges create especially vigorous responses
4. What kind of memory allow you to remember the bright object in the sky is a sun?
1. Semantic Memory
1.1. Semantic memories are declarative memories that include facts about
the world
5. What is fast mapping?
1. The ability of children to map concepts to words with only a single example
6. The difference between a ratio schedule and an interval schedule is that for a ration schedule, the
reinforcements are based on the _____; whereas an interval schedule is based on the _____.
1. Amount of responding; amount of time between reinforcements
7. The inability to that pair of tongs can be used to squeeze lemon is an example of a(n) ______ :
1. Functional fixedness
8. What are two values that researchers can provide to describe a frequency distribution?
1. Measures of central tendency and measures of variability
9. What are the most basic units of speech sound?
1. Phonemes
10. In the YouTube clip of “classical conditioning a BGSU”, the guy did an experiment on his friend
Bryan to see the relationship between the sound effect and the shoot. What is the conditioned
stimulus (CS) in this experiment
1. The sound effect
1.1. Conditioned stimulus is a once-neutral stimulus that later elicits a
conditioned response because it has a history of being paired with an
unconditioned stimulus. In this example, the sound itself at the beginning would
not elicit avoidance behaviour of Bryan. However, because it was always paired
with the shoot later it would elicit Bryan’s avoidance behaviour even without the
presence of the shoot. Therefore, it is a conditioned stimulus
11. A ____ is the mental representation of an object, event, or idea
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Document Summary

It is relatively easy: jessica is a medical school student. One day she looked at one patient"s hospital chart in class. Although this patient appeared to have problems with his intestines, jessica thought the pattern of the lab results resembled those of a patient with lupus who jessica has seen in the clinic earlier this week. Jessica is showing an example of: how recent exposure to an example can influence categorization decisions. Our ability to form categories is based on our experience. Retinal ganglion cells combine information from multiple photoreceptors in a way that edges create especially vigorous responses: what kind of memory allow you to remember the bright object in the sky is a sun, semantic memory. Bryan to see the relationship between the sound effect and the shoot. What is the conditioned stimulus (cs) in this experiment: the sound effect.

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