Study Guides (258,732)
CA (124,987)
UTSC (8,100)
Psychology (1,886)
PSYA02H3 (166)

PSYA02 chpt 14,16,18 text notes

11 Pages
96 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 11 pages of the document.
Chapter 14: Personality
x Locus of Control (Julian Rotter)
o Internal locus of control (control own fate)
o External locus of control (controlled by external forces)
x Psychodynamic approach (Sigmund Freud)
o ^ÇZ]vPÇ_
Suppression of psychic energy Æ neuroticism (in unconsciousness)
Repression of traumatic events
o Id, ego, superego (ice berg)
Iibido (Id) pleasure principle
Reality principle (ego)
Conscience & ego-ideal (superego)
x Unconscious, conscious, pre-conscious
x Two drives:
o Sexual instinctual drive
o Aggressive instinctual drive
x Internalized prohibitions (protection of guilt)
x Compromise formation (compromise b/w id and superego)
x Manifest content of a dream
x Latent content
x Free association
o Method of analysis where patient reports all thoughts/ feelings
x Defence Mechanisms (active when id & superego conflict)
o Repression
o Reaction formation
o Projection
o Sublimation
o Rationalization
o Conversion (aka. Hysteria)
x Narcissism
x &µ[WÇZ}ƵoZ}Ç}(}voÀo}uv
o Seeking pleasure @ diff stages from diff parts of the body (erogenous zones)
o Fixation (whole or partial)
1) Oral stage (babies) Æ id
a. Over/ under gratification Æ fixation
2) Anal stage (2 yrs) Æ ego
a. Harsh (compulsiveness) vs. mild toilet training (preferred)
www.notesolution.com
b. Anal retentive: very neat, meticulous, obsessive
c. Anal Expulsive: Sarcastic, hostile, untidy
3) Phallic stage (3 yrs) Æ superego
a. Complexes (opposite sex parent)
b. Oedipus complex & penis envy (Electra complex)
i. Resolved by identification w/ same sex parent
ii. Learn right & wrong as interpreted by parents
4) Latency period
5) Genital stage
x Carl Jung - ]PÁl&µ[uZ]}vƵo]Ç
o Libido positive creative force Æ personal growth
o Ego = conscious and contained ideas, memories, emotions (aware)
o Collective unconscious: memories inherited from ancestors
o Archetypes: inherited & universal thought forms (shape our perception)
o Shadow: opposite to feeling you actually hold
x Alfred Adler t felt Freud over-emphasized sexuality
o Striving for superiority (major motivational force)
Inferiority shape personality
Social interest (innate desire to contribute to society)
x Karen Horney- ]PÁ]Z&µ[ÆPP]}v
o 3 basic orientations to deal w/ basic anxiety
Self efficiency - moving towards o/s
Self expansiveness t moving against o/s
Self resignation t moving away from o/s
x Erik Erikson
o Emphasized social aspects of personality vs. biological
o Growth occurs throughout life
x Melanie Klein
o Object- relations theory: adult personalities reflect relationships indv. Makes w/
o/s as infant
x Humanistic approach
o Self-actualization
x Abraham Maslow (self-realization)
o Human motivation t hierarchy of needs
Physiological needs
Safety needs
Attachment needs
Esteem needs
www.notesolution.com
Cognitive needs
Aesthetic needs
Self-actualization
x Carl Rogers
o Ppl motivated to grow psychologically Æ self-actualization
o W}vo]ÇÀo}uvA}v[o(}v manner one is treated by o/s
o Need for positive regard (Conditions of worth: feelings towards o/s depend on
o/s feeling to you)
o Unconditional positive regard
x W}ouÁluv]]}ZWí(]vµi]ÀoÇZîîv[
account 4 origins of personality
x Assessment of personality
o Objective tests (m/c): MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) Æ
diff b/w norm and mental
o Projective testes : more ambiguous ? answers (+) revealing
Rorschach Inkblot test (make up story)
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT): Ambiguous pics involve ppl (make up
story)
Chapter 16: Lifestyle, Stress, and Health
x Cultural Evolution
o The law of effect
x Lifestyle
o Unhealthy lifestyles (negative biological implications)
Behaviours can be acquired and maintained by both biological and
psychological factors
x Stress & Stressor (fight or flight response) Walter Cannon
x SSRS (social readjustment rating scale) Æ standardized amount of stress involved in a #
of life events
o Death of spouse (100), divorce (73), marital separation (65), jail (63), close death
(63), fired (47), pregnancy (40), vacation (13), Christmas (12)
x Video: through eyes, cortex recognizes threat and sends msg to medulla which activates
hypothalamus (sends msgs down trough spinal cord which gets into the middle of the
adrenal gland & pituitary glandÆ adrenaline which increase heart rate & energy
available to muscles & pituitary gland Æ adrenal cortex Æ cortisal)
x Stressful lifestyle
o Coronary heart disease
o Cancer
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 14: Personality N Locus of Control (Julian Rotter) o Internal locus of control (control own fate) o External locus of control (controlled by external forces) N Psychodynamic approach (Sigmund Freud) o ^Z Z] L2_ Suppression of psychic energy neuroticism (in unconsciousness) Repression of traumatic events o Id, ego, superego (ice berg) Iibido (Id) pleasure principle Reality principle (ego) Conscience & ego-ideal (superego) N Unconscious, conscious, pre-conscious N Two drives: o Sexual instinctual drive o Aggressive instinctual drive N Internalized prohibitions (protection of guilt) N Compromise formation (compromise bw id and superego) N Manifest content of a dream N Latent content N Free association o Method of analysis where patient reports all thoughts feelings N Defence Mechanisms (active when id & superego conflict) o Repression o Reaction formation o Projection o Sublimation o Rationalization o Conversion (aka. Hysteria) N Narcissism N [Z9Z Z}ZoZ}}Z}Loo}KL o Seeking pleasure @ diff stages from diff parts of the body (erogenous zones) o Fixation (whole or partial) 1) Oral stage (babies) id a. Over under gratification fixation 2) Anal stage (2 yrs) ego a. Harsh (compulsiveness) vs. mild toilet training (preferred) www.notesolution.com b. Anal retentive: very neat, meticulous, obsessive c. Anal Expulsive: Sarcastic, hostile, untidy 3) Phallic stage (3 yrs) superego a. Complexes (opposite sex parent) b. Oedipus complex & penis envy (Electra complex) i. Resolved by identification w same sex parent ii. Learn right & wrong as interpreted by parents 4) Latency period 5) Genital stage N Carl Jung - ]Z2l[ZKZZ]Z}LZo] o Libido positive creative force personal growth o Ego = conscious and contained ideas, memories, emotions (aware) o Collective unconscious: memories inherited from ancestors o Archetypes: inherited & universal thought forms (shape our perception) o Shadow: opposite to feeling you actually hold N Alfred Adler J felt Freud over-emphasized sexuality o Striving for superiority (major motivational force) Inferiority shape personality Social interest (innate desire to contribute to society) N Karen Horney- ]Z2]Z[ZZ22ZZ]}L o 3 basic orientations to deal w basic anxiety Self efficiency - moving towards os Self expansiveness J moving against os Self resignation J moving away from os N Erik Erikson o Emphasized social aspects of personality vs. biological o Growth occurs throughout life N Melanie Klein o Object- relations theory: adult personalities reflect relationships indv. Makes w os as infant N Humanistic approach o Self-actualization N Abraham Maslow (self-realization) o Human motivation J hierarchy of needs Physiological needs Safety needs Attachment needs Esteem needs www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit