PSYA02H3 Study Guide - Winter 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Zygote, World War Ii, Western Culture

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12 Oct 2018
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PSYA02H3 Full Course Notes
PSYA02H3 Full Course Notes
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Personality is an individual"s characteristic style of: behaviour, thought, and feeling. Personality is relatively stable* across time and situations. The study of personality is the study of both individual differences (idiographic approach) and common trends in the population (nomothetic approach) Study has two main components = describing personality, explaining personality. Describing personality = measured through personality inventories = personality tests - rely on self-report; can be subjective; can be too general - to broad. Explaining personality = personality theories, why someone acts the way they do. Personality measurements instead usually take one of two forms: personality inventories (personality tests/scales) and projective techniques. Rely on self-report: subjective descriptions of one"s own behaviours, thoughts, and feelings. Most have weaknesses in validity and reliability. Forces people to make a decision - instead of a scale where people can just pick 3. A lot of questions (meant to cause fatigue) Based more on instinct rather than what you want the test to say.

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