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Final

PSYA02H3 Final: testbank12Exam


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
Ivanka Knezevic
Study Guide
Final

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Total Assessment Guide Krause and Corts
Chapter 12: Personality
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
803

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Total Assessment Guide Krause and Corts
Chapter 12: Personality
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
804

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Chapter Quiz Krause and Corts
Chapter 12: Personality
Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
805
CHAPTER QUIZ
1. Some psychologists use a(n) _____ approach to studying personality, which is a person-centered method in which
researchers focus on individual people and their unique personalities.
a. nomothetic
b. factor-analysis
c. idiographic
d. reciprocal
Answer: C
Module 12.1
2. Which of the following statements is true about personality traits over the life span?
a. The first signs of personality do not appear until a child is approximately 2 years of age.
b. Early temperament is not a useful predictor of adult personality.
c. Young adults tend to experience more negative emotions compared to adolescents.
d. By middle age, adult personality traits show very little change over time.
Answer: D
Module 12.1
3. Unlike the strict behaviorists’ view, Bandura’s theory of reciprocal determinism:
a. emphasizes the importance of learning.
b. acknowledges that people shape and determine their environments.
c. emphasizes the importance of traits.
d. assumes that traits are not stable over time.
Answer: B
Module 12.1
4. Kwan comes from an Asian country where the importance of family connections is emphasized, and group
success is generally considered more important than individual accomplishment. Kwan’s culture appears to
emphasize which view?
a. Individualism
b. Collectivism
c. Martyrism
d. Conformism
Answer: B
Module 12.2
5. What do twin studies indicate about the role of genes in personality?
a. Heredity plays an important role in personality.
b. Dizygotic twins are more likely than monozygotic twins to share personality traits.
c. Personality is almost entirely determined by parenting and other environmental factors.
d. Personality appears to be related to two different copies of a serotonin transporter gene.
Answer: A
Module 12.2
6. Research into animal personalities suggests that:
a. unlike human personality traits, animal personality traits have no genetic basis.
b. humans are the only animals who have true emotions.
c. the Big Five personality traits can be observed only in primates.
d. the Big Five personality traits occur in many different types of animals.
Answer: D
Module 12.2
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