CHAPTER 14 lecture notes (final material)
-Things that happen to us in early childhood have a way of shaping what we become
- the ID wants gratification. When it wants something it wants it immediately.
- EGO- brings in the realities of life and creates a balance.
-SUPEREGO- provides the moral constrains that hold back ID behaviour.
-When there is too much mental energy is spent in dealing with the conflicts between
the id and the ego and superego, the individual can be prone to mental illness
- Freudian conflicts- there is an urge/impulse, then there is conflict, and something
that prevents or blocks these urges from being fulfilled.
- Repressing- push it out of conscience/ repressing negative feelings/seeking
distraction from the upsetting thoughts. When you repress extremely upsetting
thoughts/events they can manifest themselves later in life as mental illnesses.
-Reaction Formation- maintaining the negative feelings, but trying to defensively
turn them into positive ones.
-Freud’s theory of psychosexual development says: the child gets gratification from
things at early ages: sucking on the mothers breast/ from pooping/ discovery or
gratification from genitals.
-ORAL/ANAL/PHALIC/GENITAL. Child may become fixated at a certain stage for
-Object-relations- believed that the first interactions (nurturing from the mother)
impact the development of traits, characters and adulthood. Baby mimics the
-personality disorders come from fixation/hang up with things that happen at a
certain stage in life. It manifests itself in the way we live life.
-Anal personality suggest two ways the child can deal with a fixation in that stage-
the child will become anal retentive: becoming very neat, meticulous, and obsessed.
Or the child may become anal expulsive- they will make the parents pay for not
letting them seek anal gratification. They may grow up to be sarcastic and untidy.
- Narcissism- think of themselves as deserving of attention all the time. They are self