[PSYB01H3] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (94 pages long)

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29 Mar 2017

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Lec 02 ethics and standards for scientific inquiry. Ethics the appli(cid:272)atio(cid:374) of (cid:373)oral pri(cid:374)(cid:272)iples to help guide o(cid:374)e"s de(cid:272)isio(cid:374)s a(cid:374)d (cid:271)eha(cid:448)iour. Utilitarian perspective ethical decisions should be based on doing the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Altruistic perspective ethical decisions should be based on helping without personal benefit. Egoism ethi(cid:272)al de(cid:272)isio(cid:374)s should (cid:271)e (cid:271)ased o(cid:374) a(cid:272)ti(cid:374)g i(cid:374) a(cid:272)(cid:272)orda(cid:374)(cid:272)e (cid:449)ith o(cid:374)e"s o(cid:449)(cid:374) self-interest. Belmont report (1979) - ethical guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research. Principle 1 - beneficence - (cid:862)do no har(cid:373)(cid:863) - maximizing benefits for the research project and minimizing risks to research participants. Principle 2: respect for persons - protecting autonomy of all people, allowing for informed consent, and treating participants with courtesy and respect. Principle 3: justice - ensuring reasonable, non-exploitative, and well-considered procedures fair distribution of costs and benefits. Principle 1: beneficence is it worth it to the study (cost/benefits)

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