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Study Guide

[PSYB10H3] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (169 pages long)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB10H3
Professor
Yoel Inbar
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
PSYB10H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSYB10 - Lecture 1
Introduction, Methods and Paradigms
Course Syllabus:
This course consists of 10 lectures and will stay online the whole semester.
The textbook is “Social Psychology” by Gilovich, Keltner, Chen and Nisbett, 3rd
Edition.
The midterm will cover lectures 1-5 and will consist of 80% multiple choice and
20% matching questions. It’s 50% of the final grade and will be during class on October
26h.
The final will be cumulative (with 75% on the lecture 6-10) and will consist of
multiple choice and matching questions. It’s 50% of the final grade.
They will respond within 24 hours: psyb10@utsc.utoronto.ca
There will be review sessions held 1-5 days before midterm and final, where you
can come with your own questions. Also, practice questions will be posted.
Introduction:
Social psychology: It is the study of the social processes. It is the broadest category in
psychology. It is how the presence of others (and things in our environment) affects the
way we think, feel and behave. It’s important to note that social situations can be real (in
presence of others) or imagined (imagining presence of others while alone), both cases
affect the way we think, feel and behave.
The goal of social psychology is to explain and predict human behaviours. Social
psychologists want to explain why people act the way they do, and also predict how
people may behave.
These predictions are helpful for educators, marketers and governors as to what is the
most effective way to educate people about a social issue or which advertisement will be
more effective, or if instituting a policy will make people happy. All these things are
based on predicting behaviour.
Prediction is the most important thing social psychology has to offer.
Sample social psychology research questions:
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How are people influenced by the presence of others?
How do people make sense of social situations?
How do people explain the behaviors of others?
How do people make sense of their own behavior?
Comparing Social Psychology to other Social Sciences:
Sometimes the boundaries between social psychology and other social sciences are
blurry.
Social Psychology: It focuses on how the social situation can influence the individuals’
thoughts, behaviours and feelings. Social psychologists believe that behavior is more
determined by a person’s immediate situation than by that person’s personality.
Personality Psychology: It focuses on how differences between individuals influence
thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. Personality psychologists believe that behavior is
determined by someone’s individual traits and dispositions (that is, their personality), but
a social psychologist would point out that people often act in ways that are “out of
character” for their personality.
It is closely related with Social Psychology, and even published in the same
journals. However, it is more focused on individual differences, the stable
differences (i.e. some people are more outgoing while some are not, some
cautious some are not).
These stable differences may have important influences on how people act.
Personality Psychologists focus more on measuring those differences between
people and seeing how they affect the choices they make and their long-term
well-being.
Sociology: It tends to focus on behaviour of communities and groups, not individuals.
Sociologists aren’t interested in the individual reasons why people behave the
way they do. Rather, sociologists are interested in how the behaviors of groups
change over time.
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