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PSYB10H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Social Comparison Theory, Counterfactual Thinking, Knowledge Retrieval

Course Code
Elizabeth Page- Gould
Study Guide

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Topic Review Sheet - Midterm
How to use this review sheet: Below you will find a bulleted list of topics that may be on the
exam. Anything that is bulleted is a distinct topic that you may find on the exam. The topics are
arranged hierarchically to help you organize the ideas in your mind.
Important Note: The indentation is simply to help you organize the concepts in your mind, but
any bulleted topic below is fair game for the exam. Even the top-level topics are considered to
be unique concepts that you should be able to define (e.g., you need to be able to define
“conformity” as well as “Idiosyncrasy credits”).
Overview and Methods of Social Psychology
Definition of Social Psychology
ABCs of Social Psychology
History of Social Psychology
Hypothetico-deductive Scientific Method/Experimental Method
Dependent and Independent Variables
Causal inference based on research design
Research Designs
Correlational Designs
Quasi-experimental designs
Experimental designs
Internal and External Validity
Ethical issues in social psychology
Informed consent
• Deception
• Debriefing
Social Cognition
Social Cognition
Social objects
Automatic thinking
Controlled Thinking
• Perception
Pre-attentive processes
Gaze detection
• Processing/Encoding
• Encoding
• Attention
Visual attention
• Schemas
Race & Weapons “Shooter Task”
Function of schemas
Schemas as memory guides
PSYB10 Fall 2012

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Persistence of schemas
Perseverance effect
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Storage & Knowledge Retrieval
Prototype Theory of Categorization
Semantic Network
Spreading Activation
• Retrieval
• Accessibility
Thought suppression
Overconfidence barrier
• Priming
• Algorithms
Analytic thinking styles and holistic thinking styles
Judgmental Heuristics
Availability Heuristic
Representativeness Heuristic
Base rate information & Base rate bias
Anchoring & Adjustment Heuristic
Simulation Heuristic
Counterfactual thinking
The Self
The Self
Self Awareness
Mark Test
Self-awareness theory
Levels of the self
Self-concept & Self-Schema
Twenty Statements Test
Implicit Measurement of Self-Concept
Self-reference effect
Self-perception theory
Overjustification Effect
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
Task-contingent Rewards
Performance-contingent Rewards
Looking-glass self
• Self-complexity
Global and Contextualized Self-Concept
Working Self-Concept
Self-Concept Centrality
Self-Evaluative Maintenance
PSYB10 Fall 2012
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