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Study Guide

[PSYB30H3] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 749 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Lisa Fiksenbaum
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
PSYB30H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Personality Psychology Lecture 1
- Common way of thinking about personality good personality.. global
quality, often contrasted with attractiveness
- Energy liveliness person has a personality or a lot of personality
- When people haven’t taken any psychology courses, this is what they
interpret as a good personality… fun, outgoing, party animal
- Everyone has a working theory about how many types of people there are
- The scientific study of personality… personality is much more complex and it
isn’t seen as a global quality
- Usually the categories that people are using to categorize people in
personality is more nuanced… it is much more complex than being able to
put people in one group or the other
- Things like the pig personality test are incorrect and not based on research
but there are better personality tests out there
- In the scientific study of psychology, the tests are better validated empirically
- Personality Defined an organized and relatively enduring set of
psychological traits and mechanisms that influences a persons interactions
with, and adaptations to the environment
- Organized… >> you have traits and mechanisms that are not a collection of
things.. they work in a relationship with eachother as one unit
- Relatively Enduring…>> person is going to be exhibiting the qualities over
time in different situations
- Traits and Mechanisms…>> talk about how the person interacts with the
environment and how particular things impact a person to create certain
affects mechanism… and traits are like outgoing
- Interactions with, adaptations to environment..>> personality is only going to
be evident once the person interacts with the environment and with other
people… and how they adapt to those situations
- Main issues of interest… what is the basic nature of people?, Is human
behavior internally or externally determined? (conscious mind, unconscious
mind), how consistent is personality? (under what conditions will people
exhibit behavior that is inconsistent with their personality, consistency not
only under situations but also over time), Can we control out internal states
and behavior? (effected by age? Gender?), Is present and future behavior
determined by past behavior?, How adaptive (positive) are certain aspects of
personality? (are there particular personality traits or mechanisms that help
them overcome certain things?, How do our personalities help us adjust to
the environment?
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- Areas of Interest and Research originally, psychologists sought to
understand the whole of personality grand theories of personality
- Eg. Freud and theories of psychopathology and personality
- Modern work use within one of a number of subareas or domains
-Building blocks of Personality…
- Trait/ Dispositional
- Biological
- Self and Identity
- Regulatory and motivational
- Cognitive-Experiential
- Social and Cultural
- Trait Dispositional…. Ways in which individuals differ, focus on # and nature of
fundamental traits
- Goals of work in area: ^… identify and measure most important ways individuals
differ… origin and development of the differences… interactions between trait
and situations
- Biological Domain…. Concerns the physical elements and biological systems in
body that influence or are influenced by behaviors, thoughts, and feelings
- Behavioral genetics of personality… to what extent is the behavior based on
genetics and then based on environments.
- Psychophysiology of personality… influence of biology on psychology. )ncudes
neurological factors (amygdala infers the fear response is one example)
- Evolutionary personality psychology…. Looks at behavior as evolved
adaptations… universals in behavior are common focus.. (ow do we deal with
individual differences?
- Self and )dentitiy… deals with aspects of the self and the relationship of self to
others
- Self- concept, self-esteem, self-control, personal and social identity (personal
identity that you feel makes you unique, social identity makes you unique due to
the group you are a part of. Example gender, school)
- Interesting trend is that identity is like a story!... an approach that is taken to
make people to tell this story is the narrative approach which makes them tell
the story of how they became who they are
- )ntrapsychic Domain… pioneered by Freud
- Mental mechanism that influence behavior, though, emotions
- Outside conscious awareness?
- Classic, modern versions of Freud’s work on structure and dynamics of psyche
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