ALL LECTURE NOTES (LECTURE 1-11)
SIGMUND FREUD (SEX & AGGRESSION)
•Freud (1856-1939) started out as a neurologist and introduced psychotherapy "The talking
cure" & observed patients having mental conflicts, but claimed to have biological
conflicts, but there was no biological predisposition.
•His work spans 23 volumes, they are all random Freudian theories.
•Believed the human mind is a psychic system which required energy to operate, known as
Libido, drives the psychological machine, and cannot be destroyed or created and can
only be shunted from one mechanism to another.
•Libido is the energy which emerged from human instincts, reflecting darwin's theries, so
human thinking is instinctual in behavior relevant to survival and sex / reproduction (put
into one set named libido)
•Libido: Any life sustaining, need satisfying, pleasure oreinted urge (innate energy that
drives organism instinctually for survival & reproduction)
•Later, Freud named Libido as Eros (life instinct – Energy which drives you towards life
preserving Action) & Secondary, complimentary concept called Thanatos (Death instinct
– urges we have to destroy, harm, or aggress towards others or oneself).
•Libidinal Organization: Organization of the libido around a particular organ or function.
PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES : LIBIDINAL ORGANIZATION
Oral Stage: Birth-18 Months
•Libido focused around Month, lips, and tongue
•Infants take great pleasure in being fed, and oral substitutes (sucking thumb)
•After 18 months get teeth and realized they can chew/swallow food.
•During this time the central issue is TRUST, so infant relies on caregiver to provide
gratification or needs.
•At this time, there is only ONE personality structure which is the Id – Reservoire of the
Libido & only structure that is present from birth.