PSYB30H3 Study Guide - Attachment Theory

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Lecture Slide Notes:
๎€Level I. Personality Traits/Dispositions โ€œSketching the Outlineโ€
oGeneral, internal, and comparative dispositions accounting for the
consistencies we perceive or expect in behavior across situations and time
๎€Person-Situation Controversy
๎€Heredity-Environment Controversy
๎€Continuity vs. Change of Traits over Time
๎€Level II. Characteristic Adaptations โ€œFilling in the Detailsโ€
oAdaptations to the motivational, cognitive, and developmental challenges that
people confront across the life span
๎€Goals & Strivings
๎€The Self & Social Cognition
๎€Stages of Life-Span Development
๎€Level III. Life Stories โ€œIntegrating a Lifeโ€
oInternalized and evolving narratives of the self that integrate past, present,
and future to provide life with a sense of unity and purpose
๎€Imagery, Theme, Character
๎€Standards of Good Life-Story Form
๎€Psychotherapy as Revision of the Life Story
Part II
โ€ขConstructs, Theories, & Testable Hypotheses
โ€ขExplicitly defined CONSTRUCTS:
โ€ขTheories consist of CONSTRUCTS that organize referents, or
observations of reality.
โ€ขLinked by correspondence RULES:
โ€ขConstructs are linked via CORRESPONDENCE RULES that state the
relationships between them.
โ€ขSpecifying testable HYPOTHESES:
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โ€ขCorrespondence rules should be stated explicitly to allow TESTABLE
HYPOTHESES to be derived from them.
๎€Formalizing informal theories is starting from a basic perspective such as
Dependency and reassurance-seeking โ€“ feelings of loneliness โ€“ fears of
abandonment. [A tree like sprouting figure]. Correspondence rule is combining
two branches with limbs to form one; dependency with personal health correlate to
one main one.
๎€You may find that the negative affects and dependency do not correlate with one
another as you might have believed. [Dependency items (DEQ) - // Negative affect
(PANAS)].
โ€ขDesiderata for a Theory of Personality
๎€Coherent/testable/empirically valid.
๎€Comprehensive and Parsimonious
โ€ขThe Legacy of Sigmund Freud
๎€Freud provided the first comprehensive theory of personality consisting of 1.
Structure (id ego superego) 2. Dynamics (conscious vs. unconscious) 3.๎€‚ ๎€‚
Development (oralanalphalliclatency genital).๎€‚ ๎€‚ ๎€‚ ๎€‚
๎€Freud & the Psychosexual Stages
oThe Libido [Sexual drive].
๎€The Oral Stage โ€“ intial 18 months aft birth/ mouth-lips-tongue. Emrg
of the ID.
๎€The Anal Stg- btwn 1 ยฝ & 3 โ€“ anus โ€“self-mastery/autonomy. Emrg of
EGO.
๎€The Phallic Stg. โ€“ 3 to 5. Genitals. Oedipus/Electra complexes
[explain the maturation of human female. It is said to be the female
counterpart to the Oedipus complex in males]. Emrg of the
SUPEREGO.
๎€The Latency Stage- From age 6 to puberty, the pregenital forms of
libido are repressed
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๎€The Genital Stage from puberty onward, the libido is linked to
reproductive goals.
๎€Freud & the Structure of Personality
oID/EGO/SUPEREGO
oDefense mechanisms are like ANXIETY / REPRESSION โ€œ1st lineโ€ and
Supporting defenses such as denial/projection/sublimation.
๎€Freud & the Topography of Personality
oEros (Life) & Thanatos (Death)
oErogenous Zones & Libidinal Organization
๎€
LECTURE 2: Human Evolution.
โ€ขPart I. The Structure of Evolutionary Theory
๎€The Evolutionary Process
oVariation
oInheritance
oSelection
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Document Summary

Personality traits/dispositions sketching the outline : general, internal, and comparative dispositions accounting for the consistencies we perceive or expect in behavior across situations and time. continuity vs. change of traits over time. Characteristic adaptations filling in the details : adaptations to the motivational, cognitive, and developmental challenges that people confront across the life span. Life stories integrating a life : internalized and evolving narratives of the self that integrate past, present, and future to provide life with a sense of unity and purpose. psychotherapy as revision of the life story. Part ii: constructs, theories, & testable hypotheses, explicitly defined constructs: Theories consist of constructs that organize referents, or observations of reality. Linked by correspondence rules: constructs are linked via correspondence rules that state the relationships between them, specifying testable hypotheses: www. notesolution. com, correspondence rules should be stated explicitly to allow testable. Formalizing informal theories is starting from a basic perspective such as.

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