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CH 9 Developmental Stages and Tasks

22 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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CHAPTER 9
DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES & TASKS
Martin Luthers experience is that of a person having an identity crisis
Catholic monk in 20s
Began roaring like a bull one day after having read a testament about
Christ`s cure of a man who could not speak
Was heard yelling ``ìch bin nit`` - I am not! I am nothing; I do not know who I
am!
Occurred during Luther`s period of religious doubt
Could not answer: who am i? & how do I fit into the adult world?
Worked out an ideological solution within 4 years & later translated this
solution into radical public action. Continued on to becoming a very
influential man
Martin Luthers Identity Crisis
Credited with starting massive religious and cultural mvmt (Protestant
Reformation) &translated the Bible into German
Erik Erikson did a psychobiological analysis of Luthers identity formation - Young
Man Luther
the fit in the choir critical event in which he felt cut off from all that once
had meaning in his life
Low point of Luthers identity struggle
Sandwiched b/w two other key events
When walking to U of Erfurt (for law) at age 18, was nearly struck by
lightning in a thunderstorm and cried out for help from St. Anne &
admitted his wanting to be a monk [thunderstorm affirmed commitment
to Catholic Church]
-prayed, and tortured himself more often than the other monks &was
obsessive over scripture nuances [was too passionate &intense thin
disguise for deeper doubt and ambivalence]
Self-doubt intensified self-observation in exaggerated obedience to
demands
Doubt of authority scrutiny of authoritative books
1
www.notesolution.com
-Luthers projection of the devil onto others devil incarnate was the
Catholic Pope &church estmt he rep.d
-Identified the Church as the enemy; desperately sought for a new
image of self
Experienced revelation in tower of Wittenberg by the sentence The
just shall live by faith. He envisioned a new image of God more
directly accessible to the common person than more distant version by
the Church.
-this religious insight consolidated his new identity
Refer to table 9.1, page 349 for the major events in the life of Martin
Luther
Erikson: identity vs. role confusion marks the key developmental task of
young adulthood
Luther continued to change and develop (w. respect to who he was &how he
fit into the world)
Key incidents that stirred his identity concerns also took place later in late
adolescent &early adult life when many first confront the problem of identity
(Erikson)
Eriksons concept of identity a characteristic developmental adaptation; an aspect of
personality that involves the resolution of important life tasks during a particular stage of
dvmt
(^cannot be understood outside a developmental context)
Level of individuality: high conscientiousness & neuroticism
Level of dispositional traits: hard-working, strong-willed, stubborn, obsessive,
open-minded &authoritarian
Level of motives: high achievement motivation (adolescence)higher power
system (early adulthood)
Social-cognitive adaptations: simple construct system (God vs. Devil)
Explanatory style: external, stable, &global forces
2 most integrative &influential theories of dvmt found in personality
Eriksons Psychosocial dvmt [emotional &social]
8 stages of life, birth-death
2
www.notesolution.com
Each stage sets an agenda for psych individuality by specifying the
central psychosocial concerns an individual faces during that period
*early-adult stage of identity, intimacy, & generativity-old age}bulk of
h. lifespan
Ways in which ppl meet these^ challenges are most interesting &
socially significant
• Jane Loevingers Dvmt of the Ego [cognition & knowing]
Loevinger: Ego is a persons characteristic manner of making sense of experience
How ppl make sense of themselves and the world they live in
Infancy- adulthood
ERIK ERIKSONS THEORY OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DVMT
Erikson was a blond Jew; he didnt fit in anywhere& was not accepted by his peers
outsider
Never earned a degree; wandered Europe as an artist in early 20s
Accepted a teaching position in a small school in Vienna for the children of Freuds
patients &friends; eventually undertook training in psychoanalysis
Moved to Boston (as a psychoanalyst for children); became an American citizen &
changed his last name to Erikson maturation of his own identity (highly symbolic
event*)
DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES IN CHILDHOOD
Strongest intellectual influence = Sigmund Freud
Freud: ultimate forces behind human behaviour & experience are unconscious
sexual & aggressive drives
Libido: energy derived from sexual drives (5 stages for dvmt of libido)
Erogenous zone: particular zone of the body wherein the libido expresses itself
Erikson wanted to take Freuds psychosexual stages of libido & transform them
into a developmental model of psychosocial tasks
First 5 stages parallel that of Freuds
Each stage defined by polarity in which a positive feature is pitted against a
negative feature psychosocial conflict
3
www.notesolution.com

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Description
CHAPTER 9 DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES & TASKS Martin Luthers experience is that of a person having an identity crisis Catholic monk in 20s Began roaring like a bull one day after having read a testament about Christs cure of a man who could not speak Was heard yelling ch bin nit - I am not! I am nothing; I do not know who I am! Occurred during Luthers period of religious doubt Could not answer: who am i? & how do I fit into the adult world? Worked out an ideological solution within 4 years & later translated this solution into radical public action. Continued on to becoming a very influential man Martin Luthers Identity Crisis Credited with starting massive religious and cultural mvmt (Protestant Reformation) &translated the Bible into German Erik Erikson did a psychobiological analysis of Luthers identity formation - Young Man Luther the fit in the choir critical event in which he felt cut off from all that once had meaning in his life Low point of Luthers identity struggle Sandwiched bw two other key events When walking to U of Erfurt (for law) at age 18, was nearly struck by lightning in a thunderstorm and cried out for help from St. Anne & admitted his wanting to be a monk [thunderstorm affirmed commitment to Catholic Church] -prayed, and tortured himself more often than the other monks &was obsessive over scripture nuances [was too passionate &intense thin disguise for deeper doubt and ambivalence] Self-doubt intensified self-observation in exaggerated obedience to demands Doubt of authority scrutiny of authoritative books 1 www.notesolution.com -Luthers projection of the devil onto others devil incarnate was the Catholic Pope &church estmt he rep.d -Identified the Church as the enemy; desperately sought for a new image of self Experienced revelation in tower of Wittenberg by the sentence The just shall live by faith. He envisioned a new image of God more directly accessible to the common person than more distant version by the Church. -this religious insight consolidated his new identity Refer to table 9.1, page 349 for the major events in the life of Martin Luther Erikson: identity vs. role confusion marks the key developmental task of young adulthood Luther continued to change and develop (w. respect to who he was &how he fit into the world) Key incidents that stirred his identity concerns also took place later in late adolescent &early adult life when many first confront the problem of identity (Erikson) Eriksons concept of identity a characteristic developmental adaptation; an aspect of personality that involves the resolution of important life tasks during a particular stage of dvmt (^cannot be understood outside a developmental context) Level of individuality: high conscientiousness & neuroticism Level of dispositional traits: hard-working, strong-willed, stubborn, obsessive, open-minded &authoritarian Level of motives: high achievement motivation (adolescence)higher power system (early adulthood) Social-cognitive adaptations: simple construct system (God vs. Devil) Explanatory style: external, stable, &global forces 2 most integrative &influential theories of dvmt found in personality Eriksons Psychosocial dvmt [emotional &social] 8 stages of life, birth-death 2 www.notesolution.com
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