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Final

Lecture 13 & 14 notes for Final

11 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Lectures 13 & 14
Humanism (optimistic stance)– 3rd organizing force of the 20th century. [1st was
psychoanalysis (dark stance); 2nd was behaviourism (neutral stance)]
An optimistic view of the person as inherently good
Views the human being as rational, purposeful, and autonomous, capable of
creativity, self-regulation and experiencing deep and profound insights into reality
The 3rd force of psychology, a viable viewpoint on human nature that is
distinctive from both psychoanalysis and behaviorism
Carl Rogers (1902-1987)
Originator of clinical psychology and gave a definition of personality - we are all in the
process of becoming who we really are intended to be (to actualize the true self self-
actualization)
The Organismic Valuing Process (OVP)
Humans have a fundamental capacity to perceive the growth-relevant
implications of their experiences and choices, referring to the little voice
that tells us what we are doing is right or wrong
The Fully Functioning Person
Has actualized the true self
Openness to Experience the person is free of the need to defensibly
distort their experiences; able to listen attentively without anxiety both to
the stimuli within them and the stimuli from the outer environment, no
complexes etc.
Existential Living free to live in the moment
Self-Trust trust their inner intuitions (what the OVP is instructing them to
do; they go with their gut)
www.notesolution.com
Becoming a person
Positive Regard all of us have this need to be loved and accepted, respected
Conditions of Worth there are conditions attached to the worth that we
receive - set up the circumstances where they derail our innate self.
Conditional Positive Regard love and approval are earned occasionally by
meeting certain conditions
Client Centered (Rogerian) Therapy
Unconditional Positive Regard that they never received historically
Empathic Understanding a key way of conveying the unconditional positive
regard; that you can see and validate the perspective they have on their history
Reflection a counselor actually expresses the clients attitudes and feelings; a
method of conveying empathic understanding
Reflection is thought to have a transforming effect. “Psychotherapy deals primarily with
the organization and the functioning of the self. There are many elements of experience
which the self cannot face, cannot clearly perceive, because to face them or admit them
would be inconsistent with, and threatening to, the current organization of the self. In
client-centered therapy, the client finds in the counsellor a genuine alter-ego in an
operational and technical sense. A self that has temporarily divested itself as far as
possible of its own self-hood, except for the one quality the endeavour to understand.
“In the therapeutic experience, to see ones own attitudes confusions and ambivalences,
feelings and perceptions accurately expressed by another, but stripped of their
complications of emotion is to see ones self objectively and paves the way for
acceptance into the self of all these elements, which are now more clearly perceived.
www.notesolution.com
Reorganization of the self and thus a more integrated approach to the self are thus
furthered”. (Rogers)
Abraham Maslow (1908 1970)
-best remembered for his hierarchy of needs that are deficiency motives
(motivated to restore and reacquire them).
-Self-actualization is not a deficiency need and it is drive inducing.
Being- Values or Meta-Needs
Higher-order needs that emerge once the deficiency motives have been satisfied
e.g., truth-seeking, beauty-seeking, justice-seeking, perfection-seeking
Self-reinforcing experience
Peak Experiences make us feel in awe and wonderment they are
transformational. Following peak experiences, individuals feel:
at the peak of their abilities
integrated, whole, and unified
creative, self-confident, flexible
spontaneous, expressive, innocent
Flaws with Maslows Hierarchy:
Priority of Needs whos to say that the priority he has set up is truly that way?
Ordering of Needs Do Belongingness and love always come before Esteem?
Or can it be the other way around as well?
Definition of Needs What does he mean by Needs?
Summary Part 1
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lectures 13 & 14 Humanism (optimistic stance) 3 organizing force of the 20 century. [1 was st psychoanalysis (dark stance); 2 was behaviourism (neutral stance)] An optimistic view of the person as inherently good Views the human being as rational, purposeful, and autonomous, capable of creativity, self-regulation and experiencing deep and profound insights into reality The 3rd force of psychology, a viable viewpoint on human nature that is distinctive from both psychoanalysis and behaviorism Carl Rogers (1902-1987) Originator of clinical psychology and gave a definition of personality - we are all in the process of becoming who we really are intended to be (to actualize the true self self- actualization) The Organismic Valuing Process (OVP) Humans have a fundamental capacity to perceive the growth-relevant implications of their experiences and choices, referring to the little voice that tells us what we are doing is right or wrong The Fully Functioning Person Has actualized the true self Openness to Experience the person is free of the need to defensibly distort their experiences; able to listen attentively without anxiety both to the stimuli within them and the stimuli from the outer environment, no complexes etc. Existential Living free to live in the moment Self-Trust trust their inner intuitions (what the OVP is instructing them to do; they go with their gut) www.notesolution.comBecoming a person Positive Regard all of us have this need to be loved and accepted, respected Conditions of Worth there are conditions attached to the worth that we receive - set up the circumstances where they derail our innate self. Conditional Positive Regard love and approval are earned occasionally by meeting certain conditions Client Centered (Rogerian) Therapy Unconditional Positive Regard that they never received historically Empathic Understanding a key way of conveying the unconditional positive regard; that you can see and validate the perspective they have on their history Reflection a counselor actually expresses the clients attitudes and feelings; a method of conveying empathic understanding Reflection is thought to have a transforming effect. Psychotherapy deals primarily with the organization and the functioning of the self. There are many elements of experience which the self cannot face, cannot clearly perceive, because to face them or admit them would be inconsistent with, and threatening to, the current organization of the self. In client-centered therapy, the client finds in the counsellor a genuine alter-ego in an operational and technical sense. A self that has temporarily divested itself as far as possible of its own self-hood, except for the one quality the endeavour to understand. In the therapeutic experience, to see ones own attitudes confusions and ambivalences, feelings and perceptions accurately expressed by another, but stripped of their complications of emotion is to see ones self objectively and paves the way for acceptance into the self of all these elements, which are now more clearly perceived. www.notesolution.com
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