chosen successor that Freud imagined would take his place as the head of
psychoanalysis, until they had a “parting of ways”.
Ultimately Jung broke away from Freud, and developed his own theory of
personality and psychotherapy and introduced key ideas that distinguished him
from the others.
Jung had a wonderful way of showing how science and faith can meet. He
provided a formulation of the divine, where divinity is simply and archetype that
was a part of the human experience.
From a structural point of view, Jung believed that everyone adopts a Central
Attitude towards himself and the world, either of introversion, or of extroversion.
Introversion, in Jung’s view, is characterised by a hesitant, reflective, retiring
nature that keeps to itself, shrinks from objects, is always slightly on the
defensive and prefers primarily to be hidden. Basic attitude where one is
primarily oriented towards itself and away from the outside world – focused
Extroversion, in Jung’s view, is characterized by an orientation towards the
external world (turned outward), an outgoing, kindred and accommodating nature
that adapts easily to a given situation, quickly forms attachments, and will often
venture forth with careless confidence into unknown situations.
Jung viewed these as personality types.
The Four Functions
In addition to the attitude adopted towards the world, the mind has a series of
specific functions that mediate our interaction with the external world. And for
each individual, one of these functions will be more prominent than the others.
Therefore, a second kind of individual difference is which of the 4 functions does
one rely on more so than the others. The four functions are: