Fully functioning person: bring out true sense of self. Use OVP. They have particular traits:
•Openness to Experience- characterized that the fully functioning Person is free of
need to defensively distort the reality they experience. Listen attentively and w/o
anxiety to stimuli in them and outside. Non defensive and receptive to biological and
social. They can take negative feedback.
•Existential Living – free to live in the moment; not overwhelmed by mistakes they
•Self-Trust – ability to trust inner intuitions. They know instincts, trust OVP, will
lead to growth promoting. They trust themselves.
ON BECOMING A PERSON
•Positive Regard – need to be loved; need for positive regard.
•Conditions of Worth - Love and approval are earned under conditions
•Conditional Positive Regard - acceptance and caring given to a person only for
meeting certain standards of behaviour.
Client-centered therapy (rogerian/ psychoanalytic):
•Unconditional Positive Regard - counselor must provide unconditional positive
regard w/o reservation and conditions of worth. Must be fully accepting of the entire
•Empathic Understanding – of internal frame of reference. Tell the client that you
can see world through clients eyes and validate they have on their own history.
•Reflection – specific behavior (counselor uses) to convey empathic understanding.
Counselor accurately expresses clients attitudes and feelings. Put into words what
the client is trying to say so they can get it and the feelings also inside the counselor.
transformative impact on on clients sense of self.
“psycho therapy deals primarily with the organization and functioning of the self. There are
many elements of experience which the self cannot face, cannot clearly perceive, b/c to face
them or admit them would be inconsistent with , and threatening to, the current
organization of the self. In client-centered therapy, the client finds in the counselor a
genuine alter-ego in an operational and technical sense, a self that has temporarily divested
itself as far as possible of its own selfhood”