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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Lecture 13 mon mar 7/11
Self-Determination- Week 8 (PART I)
ClassicalHumanism: 3rd organizing force in psychology.
1st psychoanalysis (unconscious force govern behavior [libinal/ego force]), 2nd behaviourism;
clinical view (neither good nor bad, but product of learning histories [operant / associative
learning mechanisms). Product of our history
HUMANISM
Humanistic POV: optimistic view; human are good. We have potentials and designed to live
up to potentials. Its the environment nourishing the person who occupies it.
Views the human being as rational, purposeful and autonomous, capable of creativity and
experiencing deep and profound insights into reality. [give far more credit that we
consciously and autonomously self regulation]
A viable viewpoint on human nature that is distinctive from both psychoanalysis and
behaviorism.
Psychoanalyitic :Humans fundamentally blind to own motivation
CARL ROGERS
Psycho-therapist. Offered a theory of personality.
The organism has but one basic tendency and strivingto actualize, maintain, and
enhance the experiencing organism. (Rogers, 1951) inside each of us is a true self; person
we are intended to become. True self inside us always.
There are environments that enforce this and derail this. How do we know we take the
proper growth promoting steps?
Oraganismic Valuing Process (OVP)
Humans have a fundamental capacity(built into species) to perceive the growth-relevant
implications of their experiences and choices. Little voice inside your head that assures your
doing the right thing. People need far less advise. Rogers believed that there is an intuitive
system that gives us feedback to tell us what we are doing is good or bad.
Ex) broken up with someone, ambivalent in deciding whether or not to get back with the
person. You may not growand thrive. Theres is a voice inside that will tell you if the
relationship is meaningful.
www.notesolution.com
Fully functioning person: bring out true sense of self. Use OVP. They have particular traits:
Openness to Experience- characterized that the fully functioning Person is free of
need to defensively distort the reality they experience. Listen attentively and w/o
anxiety to stimuli in them and outside. Non defensive and receptive to biological and
social. They can take negative feedback.
Existential Living free to live in the moment; not overwhelmed by mistakes they
made before.
Self-Trust ability to trust inner intuitions. They know instincts, trust OVP, will
lead to growth promoting. They trust themselves.
ON BECOMING A PERSON
Positive Regard need to be loved; need for positive regard.
Conditions of Worth - Love and approval are earned under conditions
Conditional Positive Regard - acceptance and caring given to a person only for
meeting certain standards of behaviour.
Client-centered therapy (rogerian/ psychoanalytic):
Unconditional Positive Regard - counselor must provide unconditional positive
regard w/o reservation and conditions of worth. Must be fully accepting of the entire
self.
Empathic Understanding of internal frame of reference. Tell the client that you
can see world through clients eyes and validate they have on their own history.
Reflection specific behavior (counselor uses) to convey empathic understanding.
Counselor accurately expresses clients attitudes and feelings. Put into words what
the client is trying to say so they can get it and the feelings also inside the counselor.
transformative impact on on clients sense of self.
psycho therapy deals primarily with the organization and functioning of the self. There are
many elements of experience which the self cannot face, cannot clearly perceive, b/c to face
them or admit them would be inconsistent with , and threatening to, the current
organization of the self. In client-centered therapy, the client finds in the counselor a
genuine alter-ego in an operational and technical sense, a self that has temporarily divested
itself as far as possible of its own selfhood
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 13 mon mar 711 Self-Determination- Week 8 (PART I) rd ClassicalHumanism: 3 organizing force in psychology. 1 psychoanalysis (unconscious force govern behavior [libinalego force]), 2 behaviourism; clinical view (neither good nor bad, but product of learning histories [operant associative learning mechanisms). Product of our history HUMANISM Humanistic POV: optimistic view; human are good. We have potentials and designed to live up to potentials. Its the environment nourishing the person who occupies it. Views the human being as rational, purposeful and autonomous, capable of creativity and experiencing deep and profound insights into reality. [give far more credit that we consciously and autonomously self regulation] A viable viewpoint on human nature that is distinctive from both psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Psychoanalyitic :Humans fundamentally blind to own motivation CARL ROGERS Psycho-therapist. Offered a theory of personality. The organism has but one basic tendency and strivingto actualize, maintain, and enhance the experiencing organism. (Rogers, 1951) inside each of us is a true self; person we are intended to become. True self inside us always. There are environments that enforce this and derail this. How do we know we take the proper growth promoting steps? Oraganismic Valuing Process (OVP) Humans have a fundamental capacity(built into species) to perceive the growth-relevant implications of their experiences and choices. Little voice inside your head that assures your doing the right thing. People need far less advise. Rogers believed that there is an intuitive system that gives us feedback to tell us what we are doing is good or bad. Ex) broken up with someone, ambivalent in deciding whether or not to get back with the person. You may not growand thrive. Theres is a voice inside that will tell you if the relationship is meaningful. www.notesolution.com
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