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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30Monday, March 14, 2011
Lecture 15
-class average on midterm was just under 60%
-office hours for prof!
-midterm viewing will be held TBA
Life-Span Development
-Erikson; trained as a psychoanalyst
-8 stages of man
-2 life tasks that distinguished his thinking; stages concerning identity thought
adolescence and early adulthood
-generativitiy; the later stage
-theory of psychosocial development
-one of his primary achievements was to reformulate Freuds idea of psychosexual
development into a lifelong theory of psychosocial development;
-2 distinguishing features; the way Erikson appropriates and re-conceptualizes
each of Freuds stages
-and how he extends the period of development beyond childhood into middle
and later adulthood
-born Erik Homburger; father abandoned him and his mother
-mother remarried a physician
-born a Jew and a protestant and found himself accepted by neither community
-in early 20s began to travel as an artist living like a gypsy
-in 25 landed in Vienna; took a teaching position at a school were there was a
community of psychoanalysts; Including Freud and his daughter (?)
-clients would come to receive psychotherapy ; when the mothers came they would
being their children
-Erikson accepted a position in a school where these children went
-Anna Freud was his therapist; you must undergo psychoanalysis before you can
become a psychoanalyst
-goes to the US
-renamed himself Erik Erikson when he came to US; saw himself as producing his own
identity
-2 key ideas that underlie much of his thinking
1-the epigenetic principle
-idea that personality is designed to unfold over a predetermined series of
developmental stages
-each stage confronts is with a particular developmental task or issue or challenge
which must be addressed
-we must confront it but we will not necessarily succeed
www.notesolution.com
-for each of the tasks there is an optimal time to each psychosocial challenge; it is
crucial that we undertake the challenge at the right time
-we set ourselves up for developmental failures if we face the challenges before we are
mature enough to face them
-development cannot be hurried or stalled; must proceed according to developmental
sequence
-upon confronting each challenge and resolving it to a certain degree ones acquires a
psycho social strength -he called these virtues; a virtue is a psycho social strength that
comes from having adequately addressed a psycho social challenge
-each of these virtues must strike a balance btwn 2 tensions
-the conflicts often involve competing outcomes; ie trust vs mistrust
-the virtue/strength is to be found btwn the 2 outcomes
-one can fail by resolving the conflict too much or either way; by either having an excess
or a deficiency with respect to the particular characteristic you are expected to acquire
-a failure will result in excess maladaptation or a deficiency malignancy’
-goal is to fall btwn the 2 outcomes; a perfect balance btwn them to acquire a virtue
Triple Bookkeeping
-the ind.s life must be understood on 3 complimentary levels of analysis
-each of these descriptions levels is needed to provide a description of the person
1-at one level there is the body and the various sexual and libidinal urges that are
housed within the body
2-there is also the ego; their conscious understanding of the world
-believed strongly in ppls capacities to understand the world and their conscious
attributes
3-and family and society; the inds developmental history in its societal, cultural and
historical context
-to understand an ind. you must understand their bodily functioning, their ego
functioning and their societal functioning
-Erikson distinguished himself by having a model of lifespan development
-Freud thought this ended by age 5-6
-Erikson had a much more generous view of human development and that it lasted
much longer than this
-his first few stages can be seen as a reformulation of Freuds comparable stages
-like Freud he recognized a stage that characterized the first year of like; and the issue
was trust and mistrust
-mothers bond with the infant is central to the child
-the question of the child is can I be secure?
-can I trust those who are impt to me or not?
-the virtue that stands to be acquired is that of hope
-hope is the belief that things will work out in the end
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSYB30 Monday, March 14, 2011 Lecture 15 -class average on midterm was just under 60% -office hours for prof! -midterm viewing will be held TBA Life-Span Development -Erikson; trained as a psychoanalyst -8 stages of man -2 life tasks that distinguished his thinking; stages concerning identity thought adolescence and early adulthood -generativitiy; the later stage -theory of psychosocial development -one of his primary achievements was to reformulate Freuds idea of psychosexual development into a lifelong theory of psychosocial development; -2 distinguishing features; the way Erikson appropriates and re-conceptualizes each of Freuds stages -and how he extends the period of development beyond childhood into middle and later adulthood -born Erik Homburger; father abandoned him and his mother -mother remarried a physician -born a Jew and a protestant and found himself accepted by neither community -in early 20s began to travel as an artist living like a gypsy -in 25 landed in Vienna; took a teaching position at a school were there was a community of psychoanalysts; Including Freud and his daughter (?) -clients would come to receive psychotherapy ; when the mothers came they would being their children -Erikson accepted a position in a school where these children went -Anna Freud was his therapist; you must undergo psychoanalysis before you can become a psychoanalyst -goes to the US -renamed himself Erik Erikson when he came to US; saw himself as producing his own identity -2 key ideas that underlie much of his thinking 1-the epigenetic principle -idea that personality is designed to unfold over a predetermined series of developmental stages -each stage confronts is with a particular developmental task or issue or challenge which must be addressed -we must confront it but we will not necessarily succeed www.notesolution.com
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