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PSYB32H3 (200)
Study Guide

[PSYB32H3] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (66 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
PSYB32H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

!"#$%&'()*+,-./0(!1234,0,52( 677-/(6748/( "9..7-(&:;&(
;(<(!/57(
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
!
= psychopathology+ ( 847( >?70@( 3,+37-+7@( A?84( 847( +/89-7( /+@( @7B70,C.7+8( ,>( /*+,-./0( *74/B?,9-D( 84,95481D( /+@( >770?+51D( ,-(
.7+8/0(@?1,-@7-1(
o A47+(189@2?+5(/*+,-./0(C1234,0,52(2,9(+77@(8,(-7./?+(,*E738?B7(
847(3,+37C81(/+@(0/*701(A7(917(?+(847(13?7+8?>?3(189@2(,>(/*+,-./0(*74/B?,9-(.918(*7(>-77(,>(847(19*E738?B7(
>770?+51(,>(/CC-,C-?/87+711(,-@?+/-?02(/88/347@(8,(37-8/?+(49./+(C47+,.7+/((
What!is!Abnormal!Behaviour?++
= abnormal+behaviour+(C/887-+1(,>(7.,8?,+D(84,9548D(/+@(/38?,+(@77.7@(C/84,0,5?3/0(>,-(,+7(,-(.,-7(,>(847(>,00,A?+5(-7/1,+1'(
?+>-7F97+8(,339--7+37D(B?,0/8?,+(,>(+,-.1D(C7-1,+/0(@?18-711D(@?1/*?0?82(,-(@21>9+38?,+D(/+@(9+7GC7387@+711(
STATISTICAL+INFREQUENCY(
= ,+7(/1C738(,>(/*+,-./0(*74/B?,9-(?1(84/8(?8(?1(infrequent(?+(847(57+7-/0(C,C90/8?,+(
= normal+curve+(bell+curve)+(/1(/CC0?7@(?+(C1234,0,52D(847(*700=14/C7@(@?18-?*98?,+(,>(/(.7/19-/*07(8-/?8(@7C?38?+5(.,18(C7,C07(?+(
847(.?@@07(/+@(>7A(/8(847(7G8-7.71(
o /+(/117-8?,+(84/8(/(C7-1,+(?1(+,-./0(?.C0?71(84/8(47H147(@,71(+,8(@7B?/87(.934(>-,.(847(/B7-/57(?+(/(C/-8?390/-(8-/?8(,-(
*74/B?,9-(C/887-+(
= 18/8?18?3/0(?+>-7F97+32(?1(917@(7GC0?3?802(?+(@?/5+,1?+5(.7+8/0(-78/-@/8?,+(
o 0,A(?+8700?57+37(?1(/(C-?+3?C/0(3-?87-?,+(917@(8,(@?/5+,17(.7+8/0(-78/-@/8?,+(
              
3/875,-?I7@(/1(.7+8/0(-78/-@/8?,+(
o ,+02( 37-8/?+( ?+>-7F97+8( *74/B?,9-1D( 1934( /1( 7GC7-?7+3?+5( 4/0093?+/8?,+1( ,-( @77C( @7C-711?,+1D( >/00( ?+8,( 847( @,./?+( ,>(
/*+,-./0(C1234,0,52(
VIOLATION+OF+NORMS(
= J7(.918(3,+1?@7-(A47847-(847(*74/B?,9-(violates.social.norms(,-(84-7/87+1(,-(./K71(/+G?,91(84,17(,*17-B?+5(?8+
= L47(/+8?=1,3?/0(*74/B?,9-(,>(847(C1234,C/84(>?81(847(@7>?+?8?,+D(/1(@,(847(,*1711?B7=
-1/8?,+(A?84(?./5?+/-2(B,?371+
= M?,0/8?,+( ,>( +,-.1( 7GC0?3?802( ./K71( /*+,-./0?82( /( -70/8?B7( 3,+37C8N( B/-?,91( >,-.1( ,>( 9+919/0( *74/B?,9-( 3/+( *7( 8,07-/87@D(
@7C7+@?+5(,+(847(C-7B/?0?+5(39089-/0(+,-.1+
o O-?.?+/01(/+@(C-,18?89871D(>,-(7G/.C07D(B?,0/87(1,3?/0(+,-.1(*98(/-7(+,8(919/002(189@?7@(A?84?+(847(@,./?+(,>(/*+,-./0(
C1234,0,52D( /+@(847(4?5402(/+G?,91(C7-1,+D(A4,(?1( 57+7-/002( -75/-@7@(/1( /(37+8-/0(34/-/387-( ?+(847(>?70@(,>( /*+,-./0(
C1234,0,52D(82C?3/002(@,71(+,8(B?,0/87(1,3?/0(+,-.1(/+@(A,90@(+,8(*7(*,847-1,.7(8,(./+2(0/2(,*17-B71+
o )01,D(39089-/0(@?B7-1?82(3/+(/>>738(4,A(C7,C07(B?7A(1,3?/0(+,-.1N(A4/8(?1(847(+,-.(?+(,+7(39089-7(./2(*7(/*+,-./0(?+(
/+,847-+
PERSONAL+DISTRESS+
= )+,847-(34/-/387-?18?3(?1(personal.sufferingN(84/8(?1D(*74/B?,9-(?1(/*+,-./0(?>(?8(3-7/871(5-7/8(@?18-711(/+@(8,-.7+8(?+(847(C7-1,+(
7GC7-?7+3?+5(?8(
= !7,C07( 7GC7-?7+3?+5( /+G?782( @?1,-@7-1( /+@( @7C-711?,+( 8-902( 19>>7-( 5-7/802D( *98( 1,.7( @?1,-@7-1( @,( +,8( +73711/-?02( ?+B,0B7(
@?18-711P(+
o L47(C1234,C/84D(>,-(7G/.C07D(8-7/81(,847-1(3,0@=47/-87@02(/+@(./+2(3,+8?+9/002(B?,0/87(847(0/A(A?84,98(7GC7-?7+3?+5(
/+2(59?08D(-7.,-17D(,-(/+G?782(A4/81,7B7-+
o Q,8(/00(>,-.1(,>(@?18-711((49+57-(,-(847(C/?+(,>(34?0@*?-84((*70,+5(8,(847(>?70@+
DISABILITY+OR+DYSFUNCTION(
= Disability((?.C/?-.7+8(?+(1,.7(?.C,-8/+8(/-7/(,>(0?>7(R75'(A,-K(,-(C7-1,+/0(-70/8?,+14?C1S(*73/917(,>(/+(/*+,-./0?82(3/+(/01,(*7(
/(3,.C,+7+8(,>(/*+,-./0(*74/B?,9-+
= "9*18/+37=917( @?1,-@7-1( /-7( /01,( @7>?+7@( ?+( C/-8( *2( 847( 1,3?/0( ,-( ,339C/8?,+/0( @?1/*?0?82( R75'( C,,-( A,-K( C7->,-./+37D( 17-?,91(
(3-7/87@(*2(19*18/+37(/*917+
= )(C4,*?/(3/+(C-,@937(*,84(@?18-711(/+@(@?1/*?0?82N(>,-(7G/.C07D(/(17B7-7(>7/-(,>(>02?+5(./2(C-7B7+8(1,.7,+7(>-,.(8/K?+5(/(E,*(
C-,.,8?,++
= T?1/*?0?82(/CC0?71(8,(1,.7D(*98(+,8(/00(@?1,-@7-1+
o UG/.C07'(8-/+1B718?1.D(A4?34(?1(39--7+802(@?/5+,17@(/1(/(.7+8/0(@?1,-@7-(?>(?8(@?18-71171(847(C7-1,+D(?1(+,8(+73711/-?02(/(
@?1/*?0?82+
UNEXPECTEDNESS(
= T?18-711(/+@(@?1/*?0?82(/-7(3,+1?@7-7@(/*+,-./0(A47+(8472(/-7(unexpected(-71C,+171(8,(7+B?-,+.7+8/0(18-711,-1+
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!"#$%&'()*+,-./0(!1234,0,52( 677-/(6748/( "9..7-(&:;&(
&(<(!/57(
(
o V,-(7G/.C07D(/+(/+G?782(@?1,-@7-(?1(@?/5+,17@(A47+(847(/+G?782(?1(9+7GC7387@(/+@(,98(,>(C-,C,-8?,+(8,(847(1?89/8?,+D(/1(
A47+(/(C7-1,+(A4,(?1(A700(,>>(A,--?71(3,+18/+802(/*,98(4?1H47-(>?+/+3?/0(1?89/8?,++
o W9+57-D(,+(847(,847-(4/+@D(?1(/+(7GC7387@(-71C,+17(8,(+,8(7/8?+5(/+@(A,90@(8491(*7(7G309@7@(/1(/(18/87(,>(@?18-711(84/8(
?1(-707B/+8(8,(/*+,-./0(*74/B?,9-+
Focus+on+Discovery+1.1++The+Mental+Health+Professions(
= /*,98( %DX::( C-/38?3?+5( C1234?/8-?181D( /*,98( ;%D:::( C1234,0,5?181( /+@( C1234,0,5?3/0( /11,3?/871D( /+@( /*,98( ;;D:::( +9-171(
1C73?/0?I7(?+(847(.7+8/0(47/084(/-7/(?+(O/+/@/+
= clinicians+(/(47/084(C-,>711?,+/0(/984,-?I7@(8,(C-,B?@7(17-B?371(8,(C7,C07(19>>7-?+5(>-,.(,+7(,-(.,-7(C/84,0,5?71+
= clinical+psychologist/+clinical+neuropsychologist+(/+(?+@?B?@9/0(A4,(4/1(7/-+7@(/(!4PT( @75-77(?+(C1234,0,52(,-(/+(!12PT(/+@(
A4,17(8-/?+?+5(4/1(?+309@7@(/+(?+87-+14?C(?+(/(.7+8/0(4,1C?8/0(,-(30?+?3+
o L47(;YYZ()5-77.7+8(,+([+87-+/0(L-/@7(R)[LS(18?C90/87@(84/8(/(>-/.7A,-K(>,-(.,*?0?82(4/@(8,(*7(@7B70,C7@(1,(84/8(847(
3-7@7+8?/01(,>(C-,>711?,+/0(C1234,0,5?181(A,90@(*7(-73,5+?I7@(/3-,11(O/+/@/+
o )(6989/0(\73,5+?8?,+()5-77.7+8(A/1(1?5+7@(?+(&::;+
)33,-@?+5(8,(]/984?7-D(/(C7-1,+(.918(,*8/?+(Z(3,-7(3,.C787+3?71(8,(*73,.7(/(-75?187-7@(C1234,0,5?18'+
[+87-C7-1,+/0( -70/8?,+14?C1N( /11711.7+8( /+@( 7B/09/8?,+( R?+309@?+5( @?/5+,1?1SN( ?+87-B7+8?,+( /+@(
3,+1908/8?,+N(-717/-34N(/+@(784?31(/+@(18/+@/-@1+
o L-/?+?+5(>,-(/(!4T(?+(30?+?3/0(C1234,0,52(-7F9?-71(/(47/B2(7.C4/1?1(,+(0/*(A,-KD(-717/-34(@71?5+D(18/81D(/+@(7.C?-?3/002(
*/17@(189@2(,>(49./+(/+@(/+?./0(*74/B?,9-+
L47(!4T(?1(/(-717/-34(@75-77D(/+@(3/+@?@/871(4/B7(8,(-717/-34(/+@(A-?87(/(@?117-8/8?,+(,+(/(1C73?/0?I7@(8,C?3+
o O/+@?@/871(?+(30?+?3/0(C1234,0,52(07/-+(1K?001(?+(8A,(.,-7(/-7/1D(A4?34(@?18?+59?14(847.(>-,.(,847-(!4T(3/+@?@/871(?+(
C1234,0,52'+
^7/-+(8734+?F971(,>(assessment+/+@(diagnosis(,>(.7+8/0(@?1,-@7-1+
^7/-+(4,A(8,(C-/38?37(psychotherapy+(/(C-?./-?02(B7-*/0(.7/+1(,>(470C?+5(8-,9*07@(?+@?B?@9/01(34/+57(847?-(
84,95481D(>770?+51D(/+@(*74/B?,9-(8,(-7@937(@?18-711(/+@(8,(/34?7B7(5-7/87-(0?>7(1/8?1>/38?,++
o L47-7(?1(/01,(/(-70/8?B702(+7A(@75-77(3/007@(847(!12PTP(R@,38,-(,>(C1234,0,52S(A4?34(C981(0711(7.C4/1?1(,+(-717/-34(/+@(
.,-7(7.C4/1?1(,+(30?+?3/0(8-/?+?+5(84/+(847(!4PTP(+
= psychiatrist+(/(C421?3?/+(R6PTPS(A4,(4/1(8/K7+(1C73?/0?I7@(C,18@,38,-/0(8-/?+?+5D(3/007@(/(-71?@7+32D(?+(847(@?/5+,1?1D(8-7/8.7+8D(
/+@(C-7B7+8?,+(,>(.7+8/0(@?1,-@7-1+
o .,18(,>87+D(847(C-?./-2(/1C738(,>(.7@?3/0(C-/38?37(?+(A4?34(C1234?/8-?181(7+5/57(?1(C-713-?*?+5(C1234,/38?B7(@-951+
psychoactive+drugs+(347.?3/0(3,.C,9+@1(4/B?+5(/(C1234,0,5?3/0(7>>738(84/8(/087-1(.,,@(,-(84,9548(C-,3711N(
75'(B/0?9.+
= psychoanalyst+(/(847-/C?18(A4,(4/1(8/K7+(1C73?/0?I7@(C,18@,38,-/0(8-/?+?+5(?+(C1234,/+/021?1(/>87-(7/-+?+5(/+(6PTP(,-(/(!4PTP(
@75-77+
= social+worker+(/(.7+8/0(47/084(C-,>711?,+/0(A4,(4,0@1(/(./187-(,>(1,3?/0(A,-K(R6P"PJPS(@75-77+
= counseling+psychologists+(/(@,38,-/0=07B70(.7+8/0(47/084(C-,>711?,+/0(A4,17(8-/?+?+5(?1(1?.?0/-(8,(84/8(,>(/(30?+?3/0(C1234,0,5?18D(
84,954(919/002(A?84(0711(7.C4/1?1(,+(-717/-34(/+@(17-?,91(C1234,C/84,0,52+
= psychiatric+nurse+(/(+9-17(A4,(4/1(,*8/?+7@(/@@?8?,+/0(8-/?+?+5(?+(847(.7+8/0(47/084(>?70@+
History!of!Psychopathology+
= *7>,-7(847(/57(,>(13?7+8?>?3(?+F9?-2D(/00(5,,@(/+@(*/@(./+?>718/8?,+1(,>(C,A7-(*72,+@(847(3,+8-,0(,>(49./+K?+@(A7-7(-75/-@7@(
/1(19C7-+/89-/0+
= ./+2( 7/-02( C4?0,1,C47-1D( 847,0,5?/+1D( /+@( C421?3?/+1( A4,( 189@?7@( 847( 8-,9*07@( .?+@( *70?7B7@( 84/8( @7B?/+32( -7>07387@( 847(
@?1C07/19-7(,>(847(5,@1(,-(C,11711?,+(*2(@7.,+1+
EARLY+DEMONOLOGY+
= 847( @,38-?+7( 84/8( /+( 7B?0( *7?+5D( 1934( /1( 847( @7B?0D( ./2( @A700( A?84?+( /( C7-1,+( /+@( 3,+8-,0( 4?1H47-( .?+@( /+@( *,@2( ?1( 3/007@(
@7.,+,0,52(+
= demonology+(      9-( ?1( 3/917@( *2( /+( /98,+,.,91( 7B?0( 1C?-?8+
=(>,00,A?+5(>-,.(847(*70?7>(84/8(/*+,-./0(*74/B?,9-(A/1(3/917@(*2(C,11711?,+D(?81(8-7/8.7+8(,>87+(?+B,0B7@(7G,-3?1.+
= exorcism+(847(3/18?+5(,98(,>(7B?0(1C?-?81(*2(-?89/0?18?3(34/+8?+5(,-(8,-89-7+
o 7G,-3?1.(82C?3/002(8,,K(847(>,-.(,>(70/*,-/87(-?871(,>(C-/27-D(+,?17./K?+5D(>,-3?+5(847(/>>0?387@(8,(@-?+K(87--?*07=8/18?+5(
*-7A1D( /+@D( ,+( ,33/1?,+D( .,-7( 7G8-7.7( .7/19-71D( 1934( /1( >0,55?+5( R*7/8?+5S( /+@( 18/-B/8?,+D( 8,( -7+@7-( 847( *,@2(
9+?+4/*?8/*07(8,(@7B?01+
= trepanning+(trephining)+(847(/38(,>(./K?+5(/(19-5?3/0(,C7+?+5(?+(/(0?B?+5(1K900N(84?1(/38(A/1(1,.78?.71(C7->,-.7@(*73/917(,>(847(
*70?7>(84/8(?8(A,90@(/00,A(7B?0(1C?-?81(8,(07/B7(847(*,@2+
o ,+7(C,C90/-(847,-2(?1(84/8(?8(A/1(/(A/2(,>(8-7/8?+5(3,+@?8?,+1(1934(/1(7C?07C12D(47/@/3471D(/+@(C1234,0,5?3/0(@?1,-@7-1(
/88-?*987@(8,(@7.,+1(A?84?+(847(3-/+?9.+
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