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Study Guide

PSYB32H3- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 37 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Study Guide
Midterm

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UTSC
PSYB32H3
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSYB32H3F Abnormal Psychology
Thursday September 04 2014
Lecture #1 Week 1
- self actualization: when you don’t care about other ppl’s opinions
- focus on the topics discussed on the ppt for the midterm and exams
Chapter 1: Introduction: Definitional and Historical Considerations
- statistical infrequency: when we try to describe the general population ability to
perform a task, this is the normal curve called the digit span task
- violation of norms: e.g. walking in the elevator singing to JB song in a business
building. 1. Culture e.g. eating with your hands
- personal distress: symptoms of abnormality causing distress (impairment)
- disability or dysfunction: big difference between distress (impairment) and disability.
**Disorder is not a disorder unless it causes disability**
e.g. Stress feel stress (a distress) but doesn’t leaves you out of things. Feel stress
and causes you to miss school (a disability)
- unexpectedness: e.g. death of a family member, feel sad, expected. Brought lottery, feel
distress wondering how you’ll live without all that money, unexpected
Case of the man & the feces fetish
- statistical infrequent: yes
- violation of norms: yes (different from porn b/c cleanliness norms, but this is subjective)
- personal distress: yes & no, causes distress in a matter of social context (feels guilty), no
b/c he’s not distress when he’s trying to reach fro orgasm
- disability/ dysfunction: nope, still works like normal
- unexpectedness: yes
- Because the field is continually evolving, it is not possible to offer a simple definition
of abnormality that captures it in its entirety. The characteristics presented constitute a
partial definition, but they are not equally applicable to every diagnosis.
- two patients with very different symptoms can have the same disorder
Clinical psychologist / neuropsychologist
Ph.D. or Psy.D. (can see patients now after the Psychology college)
Psychiatrist
M.D. (have to go to med school)
Prescriptions
Neurologist
M.D.
Prescriptions
- psychologist spends way more time analyzing than treating as suppose to a psychiatrist
Social worker: mostly helps family
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Counseling psychologist: only counseling no treating
Psychiatric nurse
Psychotherapist: don’t have any degree requirements (not a governed occupation)
Occupational Therapist: figures out solution to household and workplace cognitive
problems. Elderly is a good place to specialize
Speech Language Therapist
Early demonology:
- church played biggest role
- tried to treat mental illness by trepanning (punching a hole into a person’s skull” and
“releasing the demon” exorcism giving them a vile to drink
- first clinical test: anyone describe as a witch (anyone with abnormality) put them on
a tether-totter and drown them, if they survived means they have super powers and is a
witch therefore they beheaded them, if didn’t survived then they drowned
Franz Joseph Gall:
- discover students that have a vast vocabulary had a big forehead
- students good at piano have big skull
- created a map of localizing brain to skills
The basic tenets of Gall's system were:
1. The brain is the organ of the mind.
2. The mind is composed of multiple distinct, innate faculties.
3. Because they are distinct, each faculty must have a separate seat or "organ" in the brain.
4. The size of an organ, other things being equal, is a measure of its power.
- (not true e.g. elephants compared to humans)
5. The shape of the brain is determined by the development of the various organs.
6. As the skull takes its shape from the brain, the surface of the skull can be read as an
accurate index of psychological aptitudes and tendencies.
- Asylums created to patients
- admissions were admitted to watch the patients like circus animals
Videos: History of Treatment:
- man sprayed (with water) showering?
- patients wrapped in their sheets (like a mummy)
- lower blood sugar to induce coma
- bunch of other horrific treatment methods
Neurologist: Paul Broca
- “tan”: a locked up patient b/c of abnormal
- can’t say anything except “tan”
- even tho he had a speech problem, he could understand everything that was said to him
- (video) causes him distress, is a disorder, and is unexpected
- looked at the speech problems patients and followed them to death then looked at their brain
- noticed that there were problems with their brains in the Broca’s area
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