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Study Guide

PSYB32H3 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Major Depressive Disorder, Disability, Anxiety


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Study Guide
Final

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PSYB32H3

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PSYB32 - Abnormal Psychology/Intro to Clinical Psychology
Lecture 1 - Introduction: Definitional and Historical Considerations
What is Abnormal Behaviour?
...digit span…
Statistical infrequency
everyone’s working memory on average is about 7 in respect to digit span, plus
or minus 2
Violation of norms
A behaviour that defies or goes against social norms; it either threatens or makes
anxious those observing it
In the past there are violation of norms that would not be considered as violations
in today's world such as homosexuality and interracial marriage
Cultural factors
Norms mean lots of different things to different people
Personal distress/suffering
A behaviour that creates personal suffering, distress, or torment in the individual
What exactly is abnormal?
Is giving birth abnormal?
Impairment or disability
Disability may be defined as an alteration of an individual’s capacity to meet
personal, social, or occupational demands, because of an impairment
Disability refers to an activity or tasks the individual cannot accomplish
A disability arises out of the interaction between impairment and external
requirements, especially those of a person's’ occupation
Disability may be thought of as the gap between what a person can do and what
the person needs or wants to do
An “impaired” individual is not necessarily “disabled”
An individual who is able to meet life’s demands is not disabled, even if a medical
examination discloses an impairment
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If an impaired individual is not able to accomplish a specific task or activity
despite accommodation exists that will enable completion of the task, then that
individual is both handicapped and disabled
Intrinsic motivation differentiates disability and impairment
Intrinsic Motivation - motivation to engage in a behaviour arises from
within the individual because it is naturally satisfying
Motivation can overcome disability
Unexpectedness
A surprising or out of proportion response to environmental stressors
There may be a physical or psychological or even both reasoning behind this
outcome
“Because the field is continually evolving, it is not possible to offer a simple definition of
abnormality that captures it in its entirety. The characteristics presented constitute a
partial definition, but they are not equally applicable to every diagnosis”
The Mental Health Professions
Clinical Psychologist / Neuropsychologist
PH.D. or PSY.D.
Psychiatrist
M.D.
Prescriptions
Neurologist
M.D.
Prescriptions
Social worker
Counseling psychologist
Psychiatric nurse
Psychotherapist
Occupational therapist
Speech language therapist
In The Beginning… (what to do with abnormality)
Early demonology
Demonology
Exorcism
Trepanning
In The Beginning… (the first measure of abnormality and the ultimate no win situation…)
Dark ages and demonology
Persecution of witches
Witchcraft and mental illness
People who had schizophrenia were thought to be witches and were put
on a tietertotter type contraption and if they were to sink they were not a
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