If someone only has pseudoneruolgical symptom, they have conversion
Etiology of Somatoform Disorders
Etiology of Somatization disorder – Behaviour view of somatisation disorder holds
that the various aches, discomforts, and dysfunctions are the manifestation of
unrealistic anxiety of bodily systems. In keeping with the possible role of anxiety,
patients with somatisation disorder have high levels of cortisol, and indication that they
are under stress.
Pyschoanalytic Theory of Conversion Disorder – Breuer and Freud proposed that
a conversion disorder is caused when a person experiences an event that creates great
emotional arousal, but the affect is not expressed and the memory of the event is cut off
from conscious experience. The specific conversion symptoms were said to be related
casually to the traumatic event that preceded them. Research shows that people with
hysterical blindless was affected by the stimuli even when they denied seeing them.
Behavioural theory of conversion disorder - They view conversion disorder as
similar to malingering in that the person adopts the symptom to secure some end. In
their opinion, the person with a conversion disorder attempts to behaviour according to
his or her conception of how a person with a disease affecting the motor or sensory
abilities would act. 1) are people capable of such behaviour ? yes. 2) under what
conditions would such behaviour be most likely to occur? The patient must have some
experience with the role to be adopted and the enactment of a role must be rewarded.
Social and Cultural factors in conversion disorder – conversion disorder is more
common among people with lower socio-economic status and from rural areas.
Biological factors in conversion disorder – genetic factors do no seem to be
important in the development of conversion disorder. Conversion symptoms are more
likely to occur on the left side of the brain.
Therapies For somatoform Disorders
hard to treat. Visit physicians more than psychologists because they define their
problems in physical terms. Effective treatment tend to have the following ingredients –
validating that the pain is real and not just in the patient’s head, relaxation training,
rewarding the person for behaving in ways inconsistent with the pain.