Chapter 6: Anxiety Disorders
2.B - Fears have the same function
3.A – psychoanalytic theory of phobia is id impulse has connection with symbolic object
Two factor theory is avoidance conditioning. Says people get phobias from pairing CS
(neutral) w/ UCS (should be feared) and operating conditioning (we reduce fear by
avoiding, so keep doing it)
6.D – For Canadians 10% had public speaking anxiety, social phobia assoc. w/
dissatisfaction of quality of life and correlation btw social phobia and school drop out
7.B – hyperventilation is rare in real panic attacks
1.Freudian models for the cause of anxiety disorders assumes it is repressed anxiety
2.Social phobia is unreasonable fear of being around others or pub. situations. Specific
phobias occur in specific situations, social phobias occur in a wide variety of situations.
e.g. public speaking, talking with others, etc.
3.Cognitive research suggests phobic people attend to negative events and believe they
will happen again. This creates fear of future events and the belief they are more likely
4. In systematic desensitization for phobias, people are taught to relax and experience the
e.g. by imagining it
5.Panic is common for Canadian university students. Studies found up to34% rates of
symptoms. Comparison of clinical (diagnosed) and subclinical (student responses) panic
found similar symptoms.
6.Panic attack is more specific and occurs quickly, generalized anxiety disorder is constant
worry over time about little things.
7.Psychoanalytic view of general anxiety disorder is that it is a unconscious conflict
between the id and the ego. B/c the conflict is unconscious, person has anxiety.
8.Behaviourists see general anxiety as related to specific situations (phobias). In this case
general anxiety would be related to social phobias. Relaxation, social skills and
assertiveness training could be used. Would also use systematic desensitization.
9.Obsessions are reoccurring thoughts, compulsions are needs to perform behaviours.