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Test bank ch1.pdf

Course Code
Chandan Narayan
Study Guide

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Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. Which of the following words best describes the focus of the study of human development?
A. change
B. childhood
C. infancy
D. relationships
2. The modern era of studying children has a history of approximately____________.
A. 50 years
B. 100 years
C. 150 years
D. less than 25 years
3. The National Organization of Canadian Psychologists was formed __________ years after the United
States Association.
A. 26 years
B. 36 years
C. 46 years
D. 56 years
4. James Baldwin published papers on such topics as handedness and imitation. His main subject/(s) was/
A. children from poor families
B. children from white middle class families
C. his son
D. his daughter
5. The Institute for Child Study in Toronto was initially headed by William Blatz. He became known for a
famous study in child development. This study was based on___________.
A. twin studies in the Toronto area
B. gender differences in Children
C. the Dionne quintuplets
D. the Dwyer family
6. The term used to describe the biological processes assumed to govern development is
A. heredity.
B. predestination.
C. maturation.
D. nature.
7. When Tamika learns the first part of the multiplication table, she has shown development in a
__________ process.
A. biological
B. cognitive
C. socioemotional
D. personality
8. Kwame got angry because Harry took his toy without asking, and he punched Harry in the arm. kwame's
response reflects the role of __________ processes in his development.
A. biological
B. cognitive
C. socioemotional
D. individualistic

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9. A girl who is large for her age may not have many friends. This is an example of interaction between
which two types of development?
A. physical and cognitive
B. cognitive and psychosocial
C. personality and psychosocial
D. physical and psychosocial
10. The child who is best thought of as engaging in a cognitive process is the one who is
A. gripping his bottle.
B. wetting her pants.
C. learning to speak French.
D. expressing anger because her friend just told her that she could not be in his play.
11. In trying to understand influences on development, today developmental psychologists focus on
A. the interplay between biology and environment.
B. the interplay between biology and nature.
C. the interplay between nurture and environment.
D. the interplay between predetermination and predestination.
12. If Arnold Gesell were alive today, he would most likely explain the phenomenon of failure to thrive in
terms of
A. a mother-infant bonding.
B. family dysfunction.
C. dietary factors.
D. physiological predisposition.
13. Psychologists who emphasize the importance of maturation in development would typically focus on
which of the following to explain development?
A. good prenatal care
B. genetic strengths and defects
C. adequate amounts of nutritious foods
D. good educational experiences
14. In your psychology course you are discussing nature versus nurture issues in cognitive development. You
support the role of maturation in speed of cognitive processing (i.e., _______ influences).
A. genetic
B. environmental
C. parental
D. generational
15. "It's no use putting her in a special educational program", Misha's dad explained patiently. "She just
can't understand things very well. Her grandpa was the same way. We might as well get used to it now".
Misha's dad seems to
A. view development as a discontinuous process.
B. hold a nurture view of development.
C. view development as a continuous process.
D. hold a "nature" view of development.
16. Nurture is to experience as nature is to
A. maturation.
B. edification.
C. learning.
D. the environment.

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17. If one views development as a "dance" between a child and various others, one is inferring that the
A. is passive in its development, quietly absorbing the different rhythms, movements, and beats.
B. directs its own development, independent of all others.
C. plays an active role in her development, being both modified and modifier.
D. has a predisposition for music and exhibits this in her behaviours with adults.
18. When development is viewed as consisting of a series of discrete, distinct steps, it is said to be
A. continuous.
B. discontinuous.
C. atypical.
D. active.
19. The continuity-discontinuity controversy involves the debate about whether development is
A. gradual or comes in distinct stages.
B. most influenced by experiences during infancy or those later in life.
C. primarily influenced by biology or the environment.
D. influenced by all of the above.
20. The ability to engage in thoughtful reflectiveness seems to happen all of a sudden. But if one carefully
examines it, this ability is actually based on an accumulation of experiences across many years. This
explanation supports a ______ view of development.
A. nature
B. nurture
C. continuous
D. discontinuous
21. A tadpole becoming a frog is an example of
A. continuity in development.
B. nurture's role in development.
C. discontinuity in development.
D. developmental stability.
22. Insects go through egg, larval, and adult stages of development. These stages best illustrate which
characteristic of development?
A. change
B. stability
C. instability
D. discontinuity
23. Which of the following statements best characterizes the view that development is a discontinuous
During adolescence, an individual moves from not being able to think abstractly about the world to
being able to do so.
B. Puberty is a gradual process, occurring over several years.
Even though extreme environments can depress development, basic growth tendencies are wired into
human beings.
If infants experience negative events in their lives, those experiences can be overcome by later, more
positive experiences.
24. In order to resolve the issue concerning the importance of situational versus individual characteristics,
many psychologists focus on
A. the interaction between the two.
B. the dominant characteristic.
C. the impact of gender.
D. manifestation of characteristics during critical or sensitive periods of development.
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