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test bank ch7.pdf

Course Code
Chandan Narayan
Study Guide

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Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. According to Halliday, language
A. serves one purpose, that of communication.
B. is unable to help children understand their emotions.
C. interferes with the development of imagination and fantasy.
D. has many purposes, ranging from behavioural control to environmental exploration.
2. Language involves both the production of sounds and the ability to comprehend speech. These two
aspects of language are known as _______ and _______ language, respectively.
A. productive; receptive
B. productive; comprehensive
C. receptive; productive
D. oral; comprehensive
3. The area of language which describes the system of sounds for grammar, or how the basic sound units are
put together to form words, is
A. grammar.
B. pragmatics.
C. phonology.
D. syntax.
4. Sam works with a speech language pathologist because he has difficulty pronouncing certain basic
sounds. When he wants to say "truck," for instance, what comes out is something that sounds like "duck."
Sam's problem is apparently with
A. syntax.
B. grammar.
C. phonology.
D. morphology.
5. Basic sounds, such as "th" are called
A. vowels.
B. syllables.
C. morphemes.
D. phonemes.
6. The shortest speech unit in which a change produces a change in meaning (e.g., "bag" and "bat") is a
A. morpheme.
B. phoneme.
C. syntax.
D. morphology.
7. The basic sounds of an infant's native language are called __________.
A. graphemes
B. phonemes
C. phonetics
D. morphemes
8. The study of the meaning of words and of sentences is known as
A. grammar.
B. phonology.
C. morphology.
D. semantics.

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9. Which term is semantically related to the word "shrub"?
A. rub
B. bush
C. house
D. garden
10. The sentence "The mobile laughed at the baby until she cried." violates the language rule of
A. syntax.
B. pragmatics.
C. semantics.
D. phonology.
11. The sentence "The carpet walked with the girl to buy something at the store." is
A. semantically correct but syntactically incorrect.
B. morphologically correct but semantically incorrect.
C. syntactically correct but semantically in correct.
D. pragmatically incorrect but semantically correct.
12. A _______ is the smallest meaningful unit of adult speech.
A. syntax
B. phoneme
C. noun
D. morpheme
13. How many morphemes are in the word "farmer"?
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
14. The prefix "mono-" is a
A. phoneme.
B. morpheme.
C. vowel.
D. consonant.
15. By examining the kinds of words children acquire and how they use them, insights can be gained into the
way children attach meaning to words, or a child's _______ development.
A. vocabulary
B. semantic
C. phonological
D. pragmatic
16. Syntax and morphology are the two major facets of
A. phonology.
B. semantics.
C. grammar.
D. pragmatics.
17. Mindy, who is 24 months old, is beginning to speak in sentences with articles and prepositions. She is
A. holophrase.
B. syntax.
C. overextensive speech.
D. telegraphic speech.

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18. The rules for forming acceptable sentences are part of a language's
A. syntax.
B. semantics.
C. morphology.
D. pragmatics.
19. Which English-speaking adolescent would most likely know who is getting hit in the sentence "George
was hit by John."?
A. one who understands syntax
B. one who understands displacement
C. one who understands generativity
D. one who understands morphology
20. A child learns how nouns, verbs, adjectives, and prepositions go together to form acceptable sentences.
The child is learning
A. syntax.
B. phonology.
C. pragmatics.
D. semantics.
21. An adjective usually precedes a noun in the English language whereas adjectives typically follow nouns
in Spanish. This creates difficulty for individuals trying to learn another language. A person familiar with
various aspects of language would realize that the problem is the result of differential
A. phonemes.
B. pragmatics.
C. syntax.
D. semantics.
22. The area of language which recognizes that much of language cannot be understood without knowledge
of the context and setting in which it occurs is
A. phonology.
B. semantics.
C. grammar.
D. pragmatics.
23. Which is NOT an aspect of pragmatics?
A. taking turns in conversation
B. using polite language
C. pronouncing your words correctly
D. telling convincing lies
24. The use of appropriate conversation and knowledge underlying the use of language in context is
A. syntax.
B. semantics.
C. pragmatics.
D. phonology.
25. When children learn to use their "quiet voices" in the library, they are learning rules of
A. syntax.
B. semantics.
C. pragmatics.
D. phonology.
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