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test bank ch8.pdf

Course Code
Chandan Narayan
Study Guide

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Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. What refers to mental activity and behaviour through which knowledge of the world is attained and
A. education
B. cognition
C. learning
D. retention
2. The mental activity of cognition would include all of the following EXCEPT
A. learning.
B. memory.
C. perception.
D. neural transmission.
3. Which method did Jean Piaget use to gather data for his theory of cognitive development?
A. survey
B. structured interview
C. unstructured interview
D. structured questionnaire
4. Early in his career, Piaget became interested in how children arrived at incorrect answers. During this
time, he was working in the Paris laboratory of
A. Terman.
B. Stanford.
C. Binet.
D. Wechsler.
5. Jean Piaget's influence on developmental psychology in America did not really begin until the early
A. 1930s.
B. 1980s.
C. 1950s.
D. 1960s.
6. If Piaget were to study infant memory, which of the following research methods would he be most likely
to use?
A. tracking eye movements as infants inspect new and old stimuli
B. measures of habituation and dishabituation to new and old stimuli
C. systematic observations of infants' behaviour when playing with new and old stimuli
D. recording the frequency and vigor of reaching behaviour when presented with new and old stimuli
7. The goal of Piaget's theory of cognitive development is to explain
A. how children adapt to and interpret objects and events in the world.
B. the role of cognitive operations used to learn about objects and events in the world.
C. the influence of cultural influences on a child's cognitive development.
D. children's levels of cognitive competence as related to brain development.
8. Someone who examines how children think and how their cognition changes in stages as they move from
preschool to adolescence is using which approach?
A. behaviourist
B. Piagetian
C. psychometric
D. information-processing

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9. The Piagetian approach focuses on
A. qualitative changes in cognition.
B. quantitative differences in intelligence.
C. establishing norms for intelligence tests.
D. the relationship of brain development to sensorimotor function.
10. Which of the following statements is true according to Piaget's theory of cognitive development?
A. Children are passive in the process of organizing knowledge.
B. Children play an active role in organizing knowledge.
C. Children are unable to benefit from environmental experiences.
D. Children wait for events, which will modify their knowledge.
11. According to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, a cognitive structure that forms a basis for
organizing behaviour is a(n)
A. cognitive map.
B. schema.
C. operation.
D. expectation.
12. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Schemata do not differ among children.
B. Schemata are physical entities in the brain.
C. Schemata change as children develop.
D. Schemata exclude motor function.
13. During early infancy, schemata take the form of
A. symbol systems.
B. mental images.
C. fantasies.
D. innate reflexes.
14. What happens when the physically based schemata of younger children become internalized and form
part of an organized structure?
A. adaptation occurs.
B. equilibration develops.
C. language development is complete.
D. operations are formed.
15. Schemata based on internal mental activities are
A. stages.
B. assimilations.
C. thought structures.
D. operations.
16. According to Piaget, what is the predisposition to combine simple physical or psychological structures
into more complex systems?
A. organization
B. assimilation
C. adaptation
D. accommodation
17. According to Piaget, an infant's ability to see a bottle full of milk, grasp it, and then place it in his/her
mouth to drink it, all are important principles of
A. adaptation.
B. organization.
C. reaction patterns.
D. development.

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18. The two processes of adaptation are
A. assimilation and organization.
B. organization and adaptation.
C. assimilation and conservation.
D. assimilation and accommodation.
19. Assimilation is to accommodation as
A. genetic is to environmental.
B. adjusting is to incorporating.
C. cognitive is to social.
D. incorporating is to adjusting.
20. When new information is molded to fit a current cognitive structure, the child is
A. assimilating.
B. accommodating.
C. organizing.
D. conserving.
21. Elizabeth, a 7-month-old infant, responds to holding her first orange by rolling it around on the floor just
like she does with her blue rubber ball. This demonstrates what Piagetian process?
A. organization
B. equilibration
C. assimilation
D. accommodation
22. Jesse recently learned the word "cookie" to identify his recognition of vanilla wafers. However, he also
says "cookie" when given pretzels, crackers, small pieces of bread, and even large french fries. According
to Piaget, Jesse is
A. accommodating.
B. assimilating.
C. organizing.
D. operating.
23. When the child adjusts his schemata to fit a new experience, the child is
A. assimilating.
B. accommodating.
C. organizing.
D. conserving.
24. Four-year-old Tom learns to lift his stuffed cat up by the tail. After one painful attempt, Tom realizes that
you cannot use this behaviour on a live cat. In Piagetian terms, Tom's new knowledge involves
A. accommodation.
B. organization.
C. assimilation.
D. equilibration.
25. Twelve-year-old Jill traveled with her parents to a developing country to volunteer at a mission. When
she returned to her home in the Canada, she had altered many of her ideas about what she valued. What
Piagetian process was at work?
A. assimilation
B. accommodation
C. internalization
D. equilibration
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