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test bank ch11.pdf

Course Code
Chandan Narayan
Study Guide

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Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. The process whereby an individual's standards, skills, motives, attitudes, and behaviours are influenced to
conform in society is
A. individualization.
B. socialization.
C. specialization.
D. indoctrination.
2. Socialization is
A. learning socially approved behaviour.
B. developing family relationships.
C. developing peer relationships.
D. developing social skills.
3. Today, parent-child interactions are viewed as
A. complex.
B. reciprocal.
C. unidirectional.
D. interchangeable.
4. Which of the following would be least likely involved in the specific transmission of a culture's
knowledge and ethical standards?
A. a church
B. a legal institution
C. a school
D. a major grocery store chain
5. Which of the following would be a place where a child would have the least opportunity to test and
compare his/her beliefs and behaviour with those of others and to modify social skills?
A. religious cult
B. school
C. peer group
D. home
6. The most influential agency in the socialization of children is
A. church.
B. television.
C. family.
D. school.
7. Socialization within the family is best conceived as a
A. unidirectional process of parents influencing children.
B. process of mutual shaping among its members.
C. unidirectional process of children influencing parents.
D. prescribed process with little room to change.
8. Families
A. function in isolation, independent of cultural and societal influences.
B. are simple systems with prescribed roles and rules.
C. change over time; families experience change as a unit and as individuals within the unit.
D. have limited influence upon the lives of their children.

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9. Which of the following is the earliest and most sustained source of social contact for a child?
A. peers
B. teachers
C. family
D. hospital staff
10. One task of parents in the socialization process of their children is to
A. filter and selectively present the beliefs, values, and attitudes of the culture.
B. expose them to all the beliefs, values, and attitudes of the culture.
shield them from exposure to cultural beliefs, values, and attitudes until they're old enough to decide
for themselves.
D. eliminate all cultural influences until school age so they can be more effective students.
11. How do children learn to express their emotions in socially appropriate ways?
A. They learn through innate abilities.
B. They learn by reading children's books on social dilemmas.
C. They learn through their interactions with their parents.
D. They learn through corporal punishment.
12. The most intense and enduring emotional bonds are found
A. among female peers.
B. within neighbourhoods.
C. among conservative church members.
D. within family relationships.
13. Which of the following would least influence a parent's presentation of cultural values and standards to
their offspring?
A. parent's education
B. parent's economic class
C. parent's physical characteristics
D. parent's religious beliefs
14. Emily is shy while her parents are very outgoing. Her parents' extroverted behaviour influences Emily to
be less shy and she, in turn, makes overtures to them. This illustrates
A. bonding.
B. scaffolding.
C. attachment.
D. reciprocal socialization.
15. Which of the following best explains why family relationships are the most intense and enduring social
bonds? Families _________.
A. live in the same house
B. eat together
C. share a continuity of history
D. share religious beliefs
16. What role do children play in their own socialization process?
A. passive
B. active
C. limited
D. none
17. Work by therapists and researchers has shown that, in order to change the behaviour of a troubled child,
one must also work to make changes in the family because
A. families are interdependent systems.
B. children can't get to the therapist without their parents.
C. parents influence their children.
D. siblings can eliminate the work accomplished in therapy very quickly.

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18. In the past, research on infant psychosocial development focused almost exclusively on mothers and
babies. The trend today is to study
A. the father's interaction with the infant.
B. the siblings' interactions.
C. other caregivers, especially nonrelatives.
D. the family as a functioning unit, which is part of a complex network of bidirectional relationships.
19. The current trend in family research is to focus on
A. the mother's interaction with the infant.
B. the father's interaction with the infant.
C. parents' interaction with each other.
D. interaction patterns of the entire family.
20. Probably the largest single influence on a child's development is the child's
A. birth order.
B. temperament.
C. physiology.
D. family situation.
21. In order to understand abuse in the family, the interactions of __________________ must be studied.
A. the mother and the father
B. the father and the child
C. the mother and the child
D. all family members
22. Which of the following is NOT one of the principles of ecological systems perspective?
A. organization
B. boundaries
C. equifinality
D. independence
23. Which principle in the ecological systems perspective states that the family system attains equilibrium in
its functioning and resists forces that might alter this balance?
A. homeostasis
B. Gestaltism
C. interdependency
D. co-dependency
24. The principle in the ecological systems perspective that addresses family roles and patterns of
relationships is
A. interdependency.
B. boundaries.
C. segregation.
D. organization.
25. Which principle in the ecological systems perspective is concerned with the relationships among family
members and their shared influence upon one another?
A. co-dependency
B. organization
C. interdependency
D. holism
26. Family traditions, such as holiday dinner get-togethers, can serve to establish a sense of family history.
This is an example of what process, according to the ecological systems perspective?
A. traditionality
B. conventionalism
C. organization
D. homeostasis
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