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test bank ch15.pdf

Course Code
Chandan Narayan
Study Guide

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Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. Developmental psychopathology combines the study of ____________ with the study of _________.
A. psychopathology; biology
B. psychopathology; development
C. psychopathology; psychotherapy
D. neuropsychology; deviant sociology
2. The investigation of the origins, course, changes, and continuities in disordered or maladaptive behaviour
over a person's lifespan is called
A. cognitive psychology.
B. developmental psychology.
C. developmental psychopathology.
D. cognitive psychopathology.
3. Jasmine is fifteen years old and is suffering from depressive episodes. The episodes could be linked
A. her family situation.
B. changes of puberty.
C. stresses and challenges of adolescence.
D. all of these.
4. The patterns of symptoms in behaviour disorders
A. will usually remain constant across the course of development.
B. will vary across the course of development.
C. will disappear across the course of development.
D. will increase across the course of development.
5. Carolyn was studying for her final exam, and attempting to understand how to define what abnormal is. A
correct response would be:
A. Many cultural, societal, ethnic, and personal values affect what we consider normal and abnormal.
B. Definitions relating to abnormal would be consistent across subcultures.
C. Definitions relating to abnormal would be consistent across regions.
D. All of the above are correct.
6. If we use a medical model to determine behaviours, treatments, and causes relating to
A. it does not matter which model we use.
B. we cannot replicate research studies in this area.
C. people may believe that these causes, behaviours, and treatments reflect some form of disease.
D. doctors may need to complete more years of study to satisfy requirements.
7. Joan was reluctant to call superior cognitive functioning a sign of being normal. This reflects a defining
model of abnormality as a
A. deviation from the average.
B. social responsibility.
C. sickness.
D. deviation from the ideal.

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8. What is the term used to describe deviations from normal behaviour and normal attainments for a person
of a given age?
A. Deviant development
B. Delay
C. Aberration
D. Psychopathology
9. Developmental psychopathology should always be viewed in relation to _________, which are the major
developmental tasks and changes that occur across the lifespan.
A. abnormal development
B. deviant development
C. normal development
D. advanced development
10. Casey is two and he demonstrates behaviours that are causing his parents to worry about hid
development. Their doctor met with them and mentioned
A. not to worry the symptoms will go away eventually.
B. there is no chance that these early symptoms will reflect his development when he is older.
C. that these were normal for a child of Casey's age.
D. early behaviours can often be associated with later disturbances.
11. John Weisz and his colleagues completed research that compared parent's attitudes toward children's
problems in North American and Thailand. Who had the most negative and worried attitudes?
A. the mothers from Thailand
B. both parents from Thailand
C. both parents from North America
D. the mothers from North America
12. Depressed children, especially those between ages 8 and 11,
A. do not manifest the general slowing of mental and physical activity that depressed adults typically do.
manifest more symptoms relating to slowing of mental and physical activity that depressed adults
typically do.
C. manifest symptoms that are often more serious in the long run.
D. manifest symptoms that are only physical in nature.
13. Children who exhibit the following symptoms may be expressing warning signs for psychopathology:
A. overcompliance and depression.
B. noncompliant behaviours and peer rejection.
C. assertiveness and low academic achievement.
D. depression and withdrawal.
14. What model assumes that the psychological disorder, resides within the individual, similar to a disease?
A. psychodynamic model
B. medical model
C. constitutional model
D. developmental model
15. The medical model is considered by most researchers and clinicians to be
A. psychodynamic model
B. medical model
C. constitutional model
D. developmental model
16. Which model is often used as a guide in determining what constitutes deviance from the average?
A. medical model
B. ideological model
C. statistical model
D. perceptual model

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17. Which model defines abnormality as any feelings or behaviours that differ from the average by some set
A. medical
B. ideological
C. statistical
D. perceptual
18. When an adult refers a child to a psychopathologist. The psychopathologist should take into consideration
the adult's
A. view of the child.
B. relation to the child.
C. education.
D. age.
19. The three sets of factors that may influence an adult's judgment about a child are:
A. Child characteristics, characteristics of the adult, and contextual variables.
B. The child's gender, the child's physical appearance, and the child's interpersonal skills.
C. The adult's profession, the adult's religious background, the adult's views on children.
D. The child's social background, the child's race, and the child's family stability.
20. Parents and other adults are more likely to perceive and respond to a behaviour as deviant if it occurs
A. boys.
B. girls.
C. socially skilled children.
D. attractive children.
21. Influence that include the child's home situation, prior behaviour, school, and socioeconomic status are
known as
A. contextual factors or considerations.
B. developmental factors or considerations.
C. assessment factors or considerations.
D. demographic factors or considerations.
22. Childhood disorders like hyperactivity, aggression, and antisocial behaviour are positively correlated
A. prenatal complications.
B. dysfunctions in adulthood.
C. parental age.
D. number of siblings.
23. Whether or not a particular behaviour problem is to be viewed as normal or not greatly depends on the
probability that it will continue over time, and the child's
A. personality.
B. race.
C. age.
D. IQ.
24. Caspi and colleagues (1987) proposed that the continuity in maladaptive behaviours was sustained by
A. cumulative continuity and niche picking.
B. evocative continuity and niche picking.
C. genetic and environmental factors.
D. cumulative continuity and interactional continuity.
25. Acherbach (1995) stated that until recently childhood psychological problems were viewed as
A. variations of recognized adult disorders.
B. diagnostic categories developed for adults were applied to children as well.
C. not serious enough to separate from adults.
D. all of these.
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