[PSYB51H3] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (32 pages long!)

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6 Feb 2017

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Details are important. , but concepts are the scaffold of knowledge (for this course). Important concepts and questions in modern psychology are rooted in ancient philosophy. It has a lot to do with what we perceive. The nativism and empiricism of knowledge dualism vs materialism. Plato"s (cid:862)the allegory of the ca(cid:448)e(cid:863) (cid:894)3(cid:1012)(cid:1004) bce(cid:895) - our conception of reality is critically dependent on information gathered through our senses. Explanation: we are prisoners kept in a cage in a cave and what we see are mere shadows cast by a fire of objects from outside, so the indirect reflection of reality. So our perception of reality is critically limited by the senses we have. Perception and our sense of reality are the products of evolution: Importance of type of energy in the environment determines which senses we developed i. e. we might not sense the entire reality, but that is not a very big issue to be worried about.

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