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PSYC12H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Ambivalent Sexism, Implicit Stereotype, Rebound Effect

Course Code
Nick Hobson
Study Guide

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Chapter 8 Readings:
Reading #1:
- Dominative racism traditional, blatant racism vs. aversive, which has subtle discomfort and is
endorsed by Liberals
- Helping W don’t harm B but won’t help unless alone (bystander effect)
- Selection discrimination only in ambiguous situations and they changed importance of
different skills
- Legal no discrimination for admissible evidence but if it’s inadmissible, said B was guilty but no
discrimination if testimony talks about race
- W have nonverbal cues of discomfort and B who notice these have negative impressions in
o W have introspective illusion so they think they’re doing great explicitly
o If B see these as explicit rather than implicit, they think the behaviour is intentional
self-fulfilling prophecy occurs
- Team performance decreases when working with aversive racists but increases with non-
prejudiced people
- Common IG Identity Model reduce bias by making them think of being in 1 superordinate
group while having “dual identity
- Low-prejudice, recognize discrepancy bw behaviour and attitude, face guilty, and respond w/o
prejudice later on self-regulation
- If in hypocrisy condition, they allocate most $ to ASA
- Physicians less likely to give B aggressive treatment unless they knew their racial biases were
causing decision
- Kids also have this and by 10, they have IAT prejudice but report positive views older kids use
suppression and end up doing worse on tests due to rebound effects
Reading #2:
- Exposing women to benevolent sexism decreases their engagement in collective action but
exposure to hostile sexism increases collective action
- Legitimizing ideologies lead members of low-status groups to voluntarily accept group-based
inequality and support the status quo
- Hostile sexism men are more competent, deserve higher status and power, women use
sexuality and feminism to take power from men
- Benevolent sexism affectionate, chivalrous; 3 components are protective paternalism,
complementary gender differentiation, and heterosexual intimacy
- Positive views of benevolent sexism are only given to women who are in line with their
perceptions, not those who violate them, e.g. feminists
- Study women were told their male partners objected to them doing counseling with rapists;
when justifications involved benevolent sexism, all women responded positively
- Feelings of injustice and group-based anger are key catalysts for collective action
- When exposed to hostile sexism, they will not incorporate those things in their self-
representation but will do so with benevolent sexism
- Gender-neutral and gender-unrelated conditions produced equal levels of collective action
- Women exposed to BS reported less intention to engage in collective action
- Their own views act as moderators so if they already endorse BS, this effect is strengthened by
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- Acquisitive self-monitor modifies behaviour in social situation to be rewarded for behaving
- Protective self-monitor adapts behaviour to avoid disapproval
- Hostile sexism take a lot more flyers
- BS wouldn’t sign gender-related petition or take flyers
- Processes weren’t influenced by their general endorsement of sexist beliefs or by self-
- High gender-specific system justification (GSJ) said that more students would agree with system
justification item, agreed more strongly with statements, less intention to participate in
collective action
- Wrote about benefits or costs of being a woman advantages condition said less intention to
participate in collective action
- Same effects of paternalism might apply to low SES, ethnic minorities, people with disabilities,
Reading #3:
- Ambivalent sexism inventory looks at HS and BS
- Females are more likely to elicit help than males, and both females and males seek intimacy
from female strangers
- Dominative paternalism women as not fully competent, need male figure
- Protective paternalism weaknesses of women require males to take care of them
- Competitive gender differentiation only men have traits needed to govern social institutions
- Complementary gender differentiation women have positive traits that complement men
- Heterosexual intimacy men need women for psychological closeness
- Heterosexual hostility men have sexual attraction but also want to dominate women
- Differentiate into subtypes so they don’t have any conflict in mind
Chapter 9 Readings:
Reading #1:
- Stereotypes exert control through prejudice and discrimination power encourages
stereotyping and stereotyping maintains power but you can get powerful people to stop
stereotyping by making them pay attention
- 2 women stereotyped at work one woman in the shipyard and one at an accounting firm; in
both workplaces, men were in power and they controlled the work environment
- Descriptive stereotypes tells you how most people in the group supposedly behave, what they
allegedly prefer, and how competent they are; implicit pressure to fit a certain image that has
been described for you
- Prescriptive stereotypes more explicitly controlling, tells you how you should
- Powerless are more attentive to the powerful than the other way around they know more
about the powerful people and it determines their outcomes; if they stereotyped the powerful
people, it wouldn’t change their behaviour at all
- When people are interdependent and need each other to achieve goals, they will pay more
attention because those others control their own outcomes and they pay more attention to
stereotype-inconsistent info
- Undergrads did a task under control of people who could judge them and they ended up paying
more attention to people that were in the most power
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