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Midterm

PSYC12H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: In-Group Favoritism, Social Emotions, Realistic Conflict Theory


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Study Guide
Midterm

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Psychology of Prejudice
Chapter
Introduction
to the study
of
stereotyping
and prejudice
Different terms
Ingroups vs.
outgroups
Minimal group
Prejudice
Stereotype
Intergroup
hostility
Motivations
(the why)
Situations and
context (the
when)
Individual
differences
(the who)
Affective and
cognitive
processes (the
how)
Schema
Cultural and
individual
stereotypes
Attitudes
Discrimination
Positive vs.
negative
stereotypes
Stereotype vs.
Prejudice
Appraisal
Basic or
primitive
categories
Subtyping
Definitions and notes
Lippmann’s “Stereotype”
Originally from:
Adopted by social scientists when
journalist Lippmann used the word to
describe
Stereotyping: From Bad to Neutral
Allport’s definition of the word
stereotype
“A stereotype is an exaggerated belief
associated with a category”
The “goodness” of stereotyping or
those who stereotyped
Social-Cognitive Definition
Problem with Brigham’s definition of a
stereotype
What is Brigham’s definition?
Hamilton and Trolier’s definition
Their definition is considered too broad
and more pertaining to a schema than
stereotype
What is a schema and how is it
different from a stereotype?
Ashmore and Del Broca’s definition
A set of beliefs about the personal
Cultural and Individual
Stereotypes
Cultural stereotype
describes:
Individual stereotype:
Stereotype as an Attitude?
What is an attitude?
Three components of an
attitude: behavioural
component, affective
component and cognitive
component
Two components of an
intergroup attitude (affect
and behaviour)
correspond to prejudice
and discrimination,
respectively.
Discrimination is a
behavioural aspect. It is
defined as:
Difference between a
stereotype and
discrimination or
prejudice
Stereotype is
not an attitude
An intergroup
attitude is
composed of
one’s thoughts
or beliefs
about, feelings
toward, and
behaviour
toward a
particular
group
Positive vs. Negative
Stereotypes
The affective
valence of a
stereotype
Stereotypes are
usually thought
of as bad
characteristics
associated to a
group of
people.
Positive
stereotypes are
considered
very desirable
characteristics.
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