Study Guides (256,120)
CA (124,546)
UTSC (8,072)
Psychology (1,885)
PSYC12H3 (72)

ch 1 notes

13 Pages
91 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 13 pages of the document.
Chapter1: Introduction to the Study of Stereotyping and Prejudice
Groups are evolutionary advantageous:
Division of labour
Order – imposed by some on others
Protecton
Child rearing
Groups are the basic building blocks of society
Negative of groups: Sexual competition
When ppl are organized into groups it is they tend to form closer ties to members
of their own group and they tend to be suspicious and rejecting of members of
other groups
Ingroup – people who belong to the same group as you – favoured
Outgroup – people who do not belong to your group – don’t favour
Minimal Group – group membership is arbritary
A logical analysis of intergroup hostility – suggests that there is no rational basis for
dislink others simply because they belong to another group
Trev Broudy – gay actor – coma
Matthew Sheppard – Gay college student
James Byrd Jr – Black guy in the American south
Stereotype:
Lippmann’s Sterotype:
Printing process in which fixed casts of material are reproduced
Used first by journalist – to describe the tendency fop pl to think of someone or
something in similar terms – thinking that ppl or things with a shared attribute ie
skin color – have similar features
oWe have pictures in our head about the world around us – these are like
templates and we try to fit the compex world around us into this pictures
This journalist was awesome for 2 reasons
oHe got the origin of steroytes down – culture
Stereotypes:
www.notesolution.com
Tell us what social information is important to perceieve and to disregard in our
environment
This process tend to confirm stereotypes – b/c we will focus information which
reaffirms the stereotypes and disregard contrary information
Content of stereotype – dtrm by the culture we live in
Stereotypes were originally viewed as being bad:
Outward indicators of irratiola non analytic cognition
Lazy way or perceiving
Negative
Rigid thinking
Moral dfectivness
Ppl began to move away from this practise
oSterotype:an exaggerated belief associated with a category”
oNo evaluvation here
oBegin to think of stenotype as a normal psychological process
Social Cog Def:
Stereotyping
oAutomatic process of categorization
oInherent in the very nature of the way humans think about the worlds
A generalization made about a group concnerning a trait attribution, which is
considered to be unjustified by an observer”
oproblem last half
oa sterotype is any generalization – justified or not
oby definition a generalization is bound to be unjustified for some portion
of the group members
A cognitive structure – that contains the perceivers knowledge, beliefs and
expectations about a human group”
otoo broad to accurately capture the meaning of a stereotype
oTrue: Stereotype – association btw a groups and one’s belief about the
group
oThis defintiation sounds more like a schema than a streo type
Schema – cognitive structure that represents knowledge about a
concept or type of stimulus, including its attributes and relations
among those attributes.
Sterotypes are more specfici then a schema – they are a part of the
schema
Schema of librarians – occupation, work they do, where
they work all that sort of thing
oStereotype – your beliefs about the librarioans
www.notesolution.com
A set of beliefs about the personal attributes of a group of people”
othis is more consistent with previous stereotype definitions
orestricts meaning of stereotype to generalizations about a group of people
othis is the most popular
Culture and individual sterotypes:
cultural sterotype – stereotype held by Americans that all arabs are terrorists
individual sterotype – arabs are sexy
this is a key difference – btw the individual and the culture as a whole
oadjective rating scales
tend to asses cultural sterotypes rather then individual ones
further more any measure of sterotypes is flawed if the response
possibilites are restrictied by the measure – this does not
acculartely measure personal sterotypes
cultural sterotypes and individuaol sterotypes are not always the same
which is a better predictor of future behaviour
oearly researcher thought it was cultural sterotypes
onow we are more focused on individual sterotypes
individual stereotypes are more related to a persons
othought
ofeelings
oand behaviour towards a group
Is stereotype an attitude:
Attitude – general evavulavation of some object – good or bad
Attitudes generally comprise of 3 components
oBehavioral
oAffective
oCognitive
Some theoriet define stereotypes as intergroup attitudes portioned into these 3
sectiosn
Most theroriest believe:
oIntergroup attitude
Behaviour – Discrimination
Any negative behaviour directed directed toward an
individual based on their membership in a group
Affect – Prejudice
Cognitive – Sterotype
Sterotypes are just generations – prejudice is what
categorizes as good or bad
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter1: Introduction to the Study of Stereotyping and Prejudice Groups are evolutionary advantageous: Division of labour Order imposed by some on others Protecton Child rearing Groups are the basic building blocks of society Negative of groups: Sexual competition When ppl are organized into groups it is they tend to form closer ties to members of their own group and they tend to be suspicious and rejecting of members of other groups Ingroup people who belong to the same group as you favoured Outgroup people who do not belong to your group dont favour Minimal Group group membership is arbritary A logical analysis of intergroup hostility suggests that there is no rational basis for dislink others simply because they belong to another group Trev Broudy gay actor coma Matthew Sheppard Gay college student James Byrd Jr Black guy in the American south Stereotype: Lippmanns Sterotype: Printing process in which fixed casts of material are reproduced Used first by journalist to describe the tendency fop pl to think of someone or something in similar terms thinking that ppl or things with a shared attribute ie skin color have similar features o We have pictures in our head about the world around us these are like templates and we try to fit the compex world around us into this pictures This journalist was awesome for 2 reasons o He got the origin of steroytes down culture Stereotypes: www.notesolution.com Tell us what social information is important to perceieve and to disregard in our environment This process tend to confirm stereotypes bc we will focus information which reaffirms the stereotypes and disregard contrary information Content of stereotype dtrm by the culture we live in Stereotypes were originally viewed as being bad: Outward indicators of irratiola non analytic cognition Lazy way or perceiving Negative Rigid thinking Moral dfectivness Ppl began to move away from this practise o Sterotype: an exaggerated belief associated with a category o No evaluvation here o Begin to think of stenotype as a normal psychological process Social Cog Def: Stereotyping o Automatic process of categorization o Inherent in the very nature of the way humans think about the worlds A generalization made about a group concnerning a trait attribution, which is considered to be unjustified by an observer o problem last half o a sterotype is any generalization justified or not o by definition a generalization is bound to be unjustified for some portion of the group members A cognitive structure that contains the perceivers knowledge, beliefs and expectations about a human group o too broad to accurately capture the meaning of a stereotype o True: Stereotype association btw a groups and ones belief about the group o This defintiation sounds more like a schema than a streo type Schema cognitive structure that represents knowledge about a concept or type of stimulus, including its attributes and relations among those attributes. Sterotypes are more specfici then a schema they are a part of the schema Schema of librarians occupation, work they do, where they work all that sort of thing o Stereotype your beliefs about the librarioans www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit