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9 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Lecture 6 Prejudices INTERGROUP RELATIONS
Intergroup relations the way groups interact with each other, how
they think about each others. The focus is now on groups.
When you identify with a group, your sense of self gets connected to
being a member of the group. This is b/c the self esteem and self
identity are deeply connected to the degree that we assign our traits to
the group, we think that other group members are similar to us; we
also adopt stereotypical traits, about our own group. The social
identity happens because they are part of a group. We want to feel
good about ourselves. 1) through our own acts 2) through having a
positive social identity, by having a great group, or by putting down
other groups (by comparing your group to other groups)
When the self esteem is low, when our social group identity is
threatened, we use this tool to put down other groups, to see them in a
worse light, etc.
In order to feel better about ourselves, we cannot see the (+) things, or
we cannot see harm in our out groups.
1) When we compare our group with other groups, we want to make
sure that our group would win. You would choose areas that enable
you to win.
This is the same situation that occurs when western countries begin to
compare themselves to other countries. We choose to have good
education, technology, etc. We feel good about ourselves when we
compare what we have against other cultures. What we forget is that
there are other domains that are involved, such as cultural values, the
value in family, or living with nature.
2) Distort the perceptions of out groups and in-groups having
stereotypes about the other groups, being prejudiced about the e other
group, confirmation bias, sub typing, etc.
3) Promote our in-group - both implicitly and explicitly. Keep the other
countries away from the resources that would allow them to thrive.
The dominant group is the only group that can really promote their
status in society.
What happens when you are a member at the bottom of the hierarchy?
U change society, so that your group would be equal or above the other
groups.
Collective action: When an individual is doing something to improve
their own situation, but not only their own the situation but the
situation of the whole group. This most likely happens when there is
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one group who is lower in status than another and doesnt have access
to resources. Collective action is what brings about social change.
Ex: A country could oppress another country after taking it over; a
company could be oppressive against employers.
Collective doesnt mean a group of ppl having to do something; it
stands for the goal of the action; it can be one single person doing
something to help the group, it doesnt matter how many ppl actually
do something; its the goal of helping the group that is important. You
can see this take place in rallies, voting, demonstrations, etc. What
are the conditions in which ppl would be likely to do something about a
situation?
1) You need to knw that there is a problem: You need to knw that
you are at a disadvantage and your group is also at a
disadvantage. If you only think that you have a personal problem
then you wont be engaging in collective action. You need to see that
there is a problem, youre group is suffering where it is doing worse
than before, or where it is when compared to another group, your
group feels relatively deprived.
B/c our self esteem is so tightly to our group and b/c we compare our
group to another group, we always see competition- we like to see how
our group is doing in regards to another group ie) materialistic (jobs,
education, etc.) or status.
Even if youre personally not affected by the personal deprivation (ex:
a black doctor in the 1950s although you are not deprived of the same
circumstances as other black ppl you have got education, money,
status etc. You would still care, b/c it is your group and you would self-
identify with that group. As long as you self identify with the group
you still want your group to do well despite how youre personally
doing.
Ppl tend to build groups all the time.
We want to feel good about ourselves and about our groups, and
sometimes we do this by putting other groups down, and for that
reason groups often seek to oppress other groups.
When do ppl do something about this oppression?
1st condition you need to see a problem that affects you and the
group.
Motivation to Act: Collective action occurs only when three conditions
are met.
3) Disadvantaged position of ingroup is perceived as unjust - Ppl dont only
have to see that there is a problem and that they are at a disadvantage, they
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also have to realize that this disadvantage is just. If you dont think a
situation is just you wont do anything about it to change the situation. It
does not matter to you.
1) Group boundaries are perceived as impermeable you cannot simply
leave your group and move up in the social hierarchy. Sometimes its possible
for working class to move up the ladder and enter a higher hierarchy due to
education, experience, etc. But if its something thats like skin color then you
cant do anything, you are stuck with it.
2) They must think that they can actually get some change, if you dont think
that you can change the situation then you wont stand up to fight about it.
So for collective action you want the in-group status to be perceived
as unjust, and at a disadvantage, you need ppl to think that the social
hierarchy is unstable and that the group boundaries are impermeable
they cant just move and leave their group.
What happens if one of these conditions is not met?
If the in-group status is not perceived as being unjusticed then ppl
wont do anything.
If you think that the status is ok then you wont do anything. So this is
one condition of inaction where ppl are not going to do anything.
During this time, they would passively accept the status quo they
might feel sad about the situation but are not angry about it. So they
are not going to do anything about it.
2 scenarios sexism and racism are hidden in our modern times. Ppl
cannot openly say remarks about racism, but you can still think about
it and you just express it in a different way. There is a problem but its
not discrimination
Weekly pay by professions: In all the professions, (not just male
dominated ones) women are paid less than men.
When ppl dont recognize the problem, they dont recognize that it is
unjust.
Ellemers and Barreto Study:
Modern Sexism when ppl recognize a discrimination but they say
that it is not inherent in the system and they imply that it is
inherent in the ppl, or the group, etc.
They wanted to see if modern sexism reduces ppls motivation to
engage in collective action.
The participants had the choice to either write a protest about their
potential superviser saying I dont want to work with this supervisor
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Description
Lecture 6 Prejudices INTERGROUP RELATIONS Intergroup relations the way groups interact with each other, how they think about each others. The focus is now on groups. When you identify with a group, your sense of self gets connected to being a member of the group. This is bc the self esteem and self identity are deeply connected to the degree that we assign our traits to the group, we think that other group members are similar to us; we also adopt stereotypical traits, about our own group. The social identity happens because they are part of a group. We want to feel good about ourselves. 1) through our own acts 2) through having a positive social identity, by having a great group, or by putting down other groups (by comparing your group to other groups) When the self esteem is low, when our social group identity is threatened, we use this tool to put down other groups, to seethem in a worse light, etc. In order to feel better about ourselves, we cannot seethe (+) things, or we cannot seeharm in our out groups. 1) When we compare our group with other groups, we want to make sure that our group would win. You would chooseareas that enable you to win. This is the same situation that occurs when western countries begin to compare themselves to other countries. We chooseto have good education, technology, etc. We feel good about ourselves when we compare what we have against other cultures. What we forget is that there are other domains that are involved, such as cultural values, the value in family, or living with nature. 2) Distort the perceptions of out groups and in-groups having stereotypes about the other groups, being prejudiced about the e other group, confirmation bias, sub typing, etc. 3) Promote our in-group - both implicitly and explicitly. Keep the other countries away from the resources that would allow them to thrive. The dominant group is the only group that can really promote their status in society. What happens when you are a member at the bottom of the hierarchy? U change society, so that your group would be equal or above the other groups. Collective action: When an individual is doing something to improve their own situation, but not only their own the situation but the situation of the whole group. This most likely happens when there is www.notesolution.com
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