Lecture 6 Prejudices – INTERGROUP RELATIONS
•Intergroup relations – the way groups interact with each other, how
they think about each others. The focus is now on groups.
•When you identify with a group, your sense of self gets connected to
being a member of the group. This is b/c the self esteem and self
identity are deeply connected to the degree that we assign our traits to
the group, we think that other group members are similar to us; we
also adopt stereotypical traits, about our own group. The social
identity happens because they are part of a group. We want to feel
good about ourselves. 1) through our own acts 2) through having a
positive social identity, by having a great group, or by putting down
other groups (by comparing your group to other groups)
•When the self esteem is low, when our social group identity is
threatened, we use this tool to put down other groups, to see them in a
worse light, etc.
•In order to feel better about ourselves, we cannot see the (+) things, or
we cannot see harm in our out groups.
•1) When we compare our group with other groups, we want to make
sure that our group would win. You would choose areas that enable
you to win.
•This is the same situation that occurs when western countries begin to
compare themselves to other countries. We choose to have good
education, technology, etc. We feel good about ourselves when we
compare what we have against other cultures. What we forget is that
there are other domains that are involved, such as cultural values, the
value in family, or living with nature.
•2) Distort the perceptions of out groups and in-groups – having
stereotypes about the other groups, being prejudiced about the e other
group, confirmation bias, sub typing, etc.
•3) Promote our in-group - both implicitly and explicitly. Keep the other
countries away from the resources that would allow them to thrive.
•The dominant group is the only group that can really promote their
status in society.
•What happens when you are a member at the bottom of the hierarchy?
U change society, so that your group would be equal or above the other
• Collective action: When an individual is doing something to improve
their own situation, but not only their own the situation but the
situation of the whole group. This most likely happens when there is