Lecture 6 Prejudices – INTERGROUP RELATIONS
•Intergroup relations – the way groups interact with each other, how they think about
each others. The focus is now on groups.
•When you identify with a group, your sense of self gets connected to being a member
of the group. This is b/c the self esteem and self identity are deeply connected to the
degree that we assign our traits to the group, we think that other group members
are similar to us; we also adopt stereotypical traits, about our own group. The social
identity happens because they are part of a group. We want to feel good about
ourselves. 1) through our own acts 2) through having a positive social identity, by
having a great group, or by putting down other groups (by comparing your group to
•When the self esteem is low, when our social group identity is threatened, we use
this tool to put down other groups, to see them in a worse light, etc.
•In order to feel better about ourselves, we cannot see the (+) things, or we cannot see
harm in our out groups.
•1) When we compare our group with other groups, we want to make sure that our
group would win. You would choose areas that enable you to win.
•This is the same situation that occurs when western countries begin to compare
themselves to other countries. We choose to have good education, technology, etc.
We feel good about ourselves when we compare what we have against other cultures.
What we forget is that there are other domains that are involved, such as cultural
values, the value in family, or living with nature.
•2) Distort the perceptions of out groups and in-groups – having stereotypes about the
other groups, being prejudiced about the e other group, confirmation bias, sub
•3) Promote our in-group - both implicitly and explicitly. Keep the other countries
away from the resources that would allow them to thrive.
•The dominant group is the only group that can really promote their status in society.
•What happens when you are a member at the bottom of the hierarchy change
society, so that your society would be equal or above the other groups.