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Lecture Notes from the first day of class up until the midterm 2011

Course Code
Gerald Cupchik
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PSYC18H Psychology of Emotion
Lecture 1
To be more emotional when we feel like holding it in.
Some cultures favor holding it in.
Some people tend to be more expressive or reserved with their emotions.
Understanding means that when you talk to someone about your problem where they have
experience of going through what you are going through.
Give you a framework of which you can understand your own situation.
Expressive system and vesteral systems have a kind of relationship- if your not showing it on
your face your burning inside if your showing it on your face your not burning inside.
Emotions are feelings with meanings.
The clinical psychologist wants to know how to help people deal with unconscious or
repressed emotions, how to help people deal with loss, how to help people become more
integrated and productive, how to help people sleep better, deal with anxiety, etc.
We can individual pain and group pain.
Goal of clinical psychologist is to help you come to terms with the feelings that you put and
hide away.
First major challenge: to understand emotion as a distinctive experience while at the same
time trying to understand how it interacts with cognitive and bodily processes.
Ludwig Binswanger’s 3 worlds:
Eugenwelt- personal and private (with ourselves)
Mitwekt- social world with others
Umwelt- organic and physical world ( the world around)
Existential concept of thrownness- we are thrown as if by accident into particular worlds.
Existential phenomenology- existstential because they are concerned about your existence and
phenomenology because they are concerned with what youve experienced.
We are in many worlds with many different people and different places.
Life themes:
Adaptation (Darwin)
Meaning-in-the-world (Existential)
Dasien- means to be in the world.
We live in a world of challenges and a world where we have goals.
Trying to adjust to the demand of the world around us, demands from school, work, family,
You have needs inside or challenges from the outside that you must adjust to or adapt to and
be oriented about or you will lose.
This is the adaptation
Meaning in the world is how we figure out what life is all about, what makes us do certain
things and why do thing happen to us.
Life episodes- these are events that take place in these worlds as we struggle with these life
Episode is an internally coherent event- it is internally organized.
We have experiences and feelings about our life-worlds and events that take place within

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We have narratives about the stories and events that are going on in our life.
We want these life stories and narratives that pertain to our life episodes and how we have
adapted to lifes challenges.
Four Fundamental Layers:
1) NOETIC- includes all mental processes and different forms of knowing. Perceptual,
Intellectual, Emotional.
2) ORGANIC- includes all biological processes.
3)PHSYSICAL- physical processes,
4)SOCIAL- includes all social and cultural systems.
When your in pain you see the world differently, every level of processes can affect each
Perspectives: paradox of one body and many selves.
Looks like one body and implies one self giving us the illusion of unity.
There are many layers in one single person.
Consciousness lies at the boundary between stimulation from the outside world and from the
inside world, physical, cognitive and affective during a particular period of time.
We have things coming in from the outside world and some from the outside and we are not
sure how we feel about them or how to distinguish them.
How do we see ourselves
People can see themselves as objects when they are labeled, example being a beautiful person.
The problem with that is that objects can change and they are stuck being like that.
Literal viewpoint (externalized view)- as objects with features, grades, status, money.
Ironic/metaphorical viewpoint- see ourselves in context, changing, open process.
Shifting viewpoints- engaged versus detached
When we are engaged we absorbed in our experiences.
When we are detached we are outside of our experiences.
Diversity builds perspective, if you hang out with the same people and do the same thing
science cant move ahead and personal perspective doesnt change.
We can change and try different things out.
In western culture we are taught that we are either A or B but cant be both at the same time.
Relation of theory to phenomena
Phenomena are events in the world the reoccur, we have to notice them.
One side of us is very conventional and one side of us is very original.
If we try and do original science then we must also try and have a side of us that is
If we want to study emotional phenomena happens in situations and we find ourselves in
Situations are where we observe phenomena.
Situations are events that people find themselves in with outcomes that are good or bad.
We have emotion in a situation and in order to understand the emotion you got to understand
the situation.
Vorstellungsarten- the ways if conceiving things to bring many objects into relationships tht
hey did not have with each other, strictly speaking.
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