Published on 16 Feb 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC39H3
Chapter 1
Clinical forensic psychologist psychologists who are broadly concerned with the
assessment and treatment of mental health issues as they pertain to the law or legal
system
Daubert criteria a standard for accepting expert testimony, which states that scientific
evidence is valid if the research upon which it is based has been peer reviewed, is
testable, has a recognized rate of error, and adheres to professional standards
Experimental forensic psychologist psychologists who are broadly concerned with the
study of human behaviour as it relates to the law or legal system
Expert witness A witness who provides the court with information that assists the court
in understanding an issue of relevance on a case
Extroversion A personality trait that some researchers believe is a result of cortical
underarousal
Forensic psychiatry A field of medicine that deals with all aspects of human behaviour
as it relates to the law or legal system
Forensic psychology A field of psychology that deals with all aspects of human
behaviour as it relates to the law or legal system
General acceptance test A standard of accepting expert testimony, which states that
expert testimony will be admissible in court if the basis of the testimony is generally
accepted within the relevant scientific community
Idiographic An attempt to understand something by examining the specific details of
individual cases
Learning theories Theories that attempt to explain criminal conduct by focusing on
principles of conditioning (eg. Being rewarded for criminal behaviour)
Mohan criteria A standard for accepting expert testimony, which states that expert
testimony will be admissible in court if the testimony is relevant, necessary for assisting
the trier of fact, does not violate any exclusionary rules, and is provided by a qualified
expert.
Neurotism Personality trait that some researchers believe is the result of an overreactive
autonomic nervous system
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Nomothetic An attempt to understand something by uncovering broad patterns and
general trends
Personality theories Theories that attempt to explain criminal conduct by focusing on
the personality makeup of offenders
Psychoanalytic theories Theories that attempt to explain criminal conduct by focusing
on dynamic internal forces within people and the importance of early childhood events
and experiences
Psychology and the law The use of psychology to examine the operation of the legal
system
Psychology in the law The use of psychology in the legal system as that system operates
Psychology of the law The use of psychology to examine the law itself
Social earning theory A theory of human behaviour based on learning from watch
others in the social environment and reinforcement contingencies
Theory of maternal deprivation Theory that early separation from ones mother plays a
role in the development of antisocial behaviour
Chapter 2
Adaptive coping skills skills that allow people to deal more effectively with stressful
events
Assessment centre a facility in which behaviour of the police applicants can be observed
in a number of situations by multiple observers
Cognitive ability tests procedure for measuring verbal, mathematical, memory and
reasoning abilities
Inwald personality inventory An assessment instrument used to identify police
applicants who are suitable for police work by measuring their personality attributes and
behaviour patterns
Job analysis A procedure for identify the knowledge skills and abilities that make up a
good police officer
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Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory An assessment instrument for identifying
people with psychopathological problems
Occupational stressors In policing, stressors that relating to the job itself
Organization stressors In policing, stressors relating to organizational issues
Police discretion A policing task that involves discriminating between circumstances
that require absolute adherence to the law and circumstances where a degree of latitude is
justified
Police selection procedures A set of procedures used by the police to either screen out
undesirable candidates or select in desirable candidates
Resolution conference Involves an offender and his or her family coming together with
the victim and the police in an attempt to solve a problem
Selection interview In recruiting police officers, an interview used by the police to
determine the extent in which applicant posses the knowledge, skills, and abilities
deemed important for the job.
Situational test A simulation of a real world policing task
Use of force continuum A model that is supposed to guide police officer decision in use
of force situations by providing the officer with some guidance as to what level of force
is appropriate given the suspect’s behaviour and other environmental conditions
Chapter 3
classic trait model a model of personality that assumes the primary determinants of
behaviour are stable, internal traits
coerced-compliant false confession a confession that results from a desire to escape
coercive interrogation environment, or gain a benefit promised by the police officer
coerced-internalized false confession A confession that results from suggestive
interrogation techniques, whereby the confessor actually comes to believe he or she
committed the crime
compliance a tendency to go along with demands made by people perceived to be in
authority, even though the person may not agree with them.
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