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[PSYC85H3] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 40 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC85H3
Professor
Gerald Cupchik
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
PSYC85H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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Midterm 1-8 10/10/2016 9:30:00 PM
Chapter 1- Psychology and History
The new history of psychology and science
New history of psychology (Laurel Furumoto)
Less focus on scientists as objective fact finders, emphasis on
some subjectivity.
Scientific change depicted as a shift from one world view to another
Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Thomas Kuhn)
Scientific discipline was not smooth, but developed discontinuously
Everyone believed one thing, then suddenly at critical point, radical
change occurred and everyone changed their minds about
methodology, data, theory, etc.
Paradigm shift
Paradigm: set of fundamental beliefs that guide workers in a scientific
discipline
Feminism and the psychology of women
Feminism: bringing the perspectives of women to bear on every aspect of
contemporary culture, including psychology
2 traditions:
o 1) similarities between genders, discounts importance of
differences
o 2) positive human characteristics that are undervalued
because they are thought of as “feminine”
The Second Sex (Simone de Beauvoir)
Perspectives of women addressed in many aspects of contemporary
culture
Evelyn Fox Keller
Second tradition
PhD in physics, described masculine-oriented science
Science ignores roles of intuition, empathy, personal engagement;
seen as feminine attributes
Science-gender system: conception of gender and our conception
of science mutually determine one another
Psychology as a social construction
Social constructionism (Berger and Luckmann)
Dialectic between nature and socially constructed world, the human
organism is transformed
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In this dialectic, people produce reality and thereby produce
themselves
Dialectical process: opposing tendencies shape one another.
Exogenic: coming from the outside; factors external are key to
human experience
Endogenic: coming from the inside; cognitive factors that allow
knowledge
Psychological research as a social construction
Kurt Danziger
Social processes that determine how research conducted, but
products of research have empirical content
“there is no such thing as private science”
Reconciling the old and new histories of psychology
Presentism: tendency to evaluate the past primarily in terms of its
relevance for the present
Herbert Butterfield
Historicism: the understanding of the past for its own sake
George W Stocking
Need a balance between the 2
- New history focuses on cultural, social forces. Old history focused on
individual contributions.
Historiometric method: both individual and historical context can be
studied simultaneously
Dean Keith Simonton
Historiography: study of the variety of ways in which historians have
written history
Chapter 2- Touchstones the Origins of Psychological
Thought
Touchstones
- Criteria by which the value of something is measured
originally a stone to determine quality of gold
Pythagoras (570-495 BC)
- incarnation of Greek God Apollo, had miraculous powers
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