Chp 1 Notes

7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Steve Joordens

Chapter 1 Psychology: A science with a special focus on behaviour with the primary emphasis on discovering and explaining the causes of behaviour. N The word psychology comes from two Greek words: psukhe (breathe or soul) and logos (mind). Psycho (mind) -logy (science) therefore, the word psychology literally means the science of the mind N Early in psychology ppl saw the mind as an independent, free-floating spirit. N Later, described it as a characteristic of a functioning brain whole ultimate function was to control behaviour. N Focus changed from mind (which cannot be observed) to behaviour N How to explain behaviour 1) describe it 2) find causes . N Purpose of explanation: intellectual curiosity; showing us how to solve our most importantpressing problems caused by human behaviour (poverty, crime, overpopulation, drug addiction, bigotry, pollution, terrorism, war, unhealthy dietlifestyles). Causal events: Events that cause other events (including behaviour) to occur N Applied psychology: applying what our scientific colleagues have learned to the solution of problems in the world outside the lab. Some psychologists perform both roles. N Research psychologists differ in two ways: the types of behaviour they investigate and the casual events they analyse (explain different behaviour in terms of different causes) Physiological psychology: Studies the physiological basis of behaviour. Study almost all behavioural phenomena that can be observed in non-human animals is considered a model that can help us understand the causal events of human behaviour. (learning, memory, sensory processes, emotional and sexual behaviour, motivation and sleep. ) Comparative psychology: Studies the behaviours of a variety of organisms in an attempt to understand the adaptive and functional significance of the behaviours and their relation to evolution Studies behavioural phenomena (courting and mating, predation and aggression, defensive behaviours, parental behaviours). Behaviour analysis: Studies the effects of the environment on behaviour, primarily, the effects of the consequences of behaviours on the behaviours themselves. Behaviours with positive outcomes are repeated, those that have bad or no consequence are not repeated. Behaviour genetics: Studies the role of genetics on behaviour. No 2 brains are identical,
More Less

Related notes for PSYA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.