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1.) Which of the following is not an example of Sternberg’s three intelligences a. Ans: Natural intelligence. 2.) What is function of Wernickes area? a. Wernice’s area is associated with language comprehension. 3.) Which of the following is not a possible reason that one ethnic may obtain intelligence test? a. Genetics b. Skin colour c. Economic status d. Biased test Biases in the testing situation may explain some of the between group differences in intelligent test scores.There is broad agreement in test scores that environment plays a huge role.Although scientists have discovered some genes that are weakly associated in intelligence, they are not more prevalent in one group more than the other. 4.) You are presented with four cards with a letter on one side and a number on the other. Two of the cards are face down and two are facing up. You are told to verify a rule: if there is a vowel on one side, there must be an even number on the other side. How shoyukld the problem be phrased to make it easiest for people to solve. a. You should express the problem as a mathematical equation b. You should convert the abstract rules and symbols into real-life situation c. You should use colours and pictograms instead of numbers and letters d. The problem should be phrased in a more abstract manner to eliminate belief bias 5.) As shown in the lecture, chaser the dog is able to retrieve particular toys by name, as requested by her owner. What aspect of language does this exemplify. a. Receptive language 6.) The _____environment refers to those environmental factors that are experienced by all relevant members of a household, wheras _________ environment refers to those environmental factors that are not experienced by all relevant members of a household a. Shared, nonshared 7.) Spear man measured how well school age children could discriminate differences in auditory pitch, weight, colour, and he then correlated these scores with the children’s grades in different academic subjects. He found that these measures were: a. Positively correlated 8.) According to John Carrol the ability to see abstract relationships and draw logical inferences is called a. Fluid intelligence 9.) How do morphemes and phenomes relate t one another a. Phonemes are combined to make morphemes 10.) Why did the government of France beguin to develop intelligence test? a. To avoid mixing low intelligence students with high intelligence students 11.) How can stereotypes be useful? a. Stereotypes can be useful when they provide information about how to behave in particular situations. (ex. Arbys) 12.) How does sudden insight problem differ from methodical step-by-step analysis or trial and error? Hint: when given a sudden insight problem that they cannot solve, people can nontheliss detect whether the problem is solvable. Answer: Sudden insight results from weakly activated conceptual associations that are suddenly detected and appear to have emerged spontaneously. 13.) In the Raven’s Progressive Matrix test, participants performance is measured by: a. Progressively get more and more complex…how far along can you get…  The time it takes to solve a problem  The complexity of problems they are able to solve  The average of their scores on all tests  The number of items in each test 14.) According to Lewis Therman, ratio Iq is a statistic obtained by dividing a person’s mental age by physical age and multiplying the quotient by: a. 100 15.) According to Galton, Intelligence was the result of a person’s a. Internal wiring 16.) You encounter an animal and classify a dog, because it reminds you of other dogs you have encountered. This an example of which theory? a. Exemplar Theory 17.) Intelligence tests were originally developed a. To help children succeed in school 18.) What impairments are common to people with Broca’s aphasia? a. They have difficulty producing grammatical sentences and function morphemes are usually missing 19.) How does language facilitate the transfer of consciousness from one organism to another? a. Without language, it would be difficult to teach another organism what the first organism has learned through experience 20.) What is aphasia? a. Difficulty in producing or comprehending language 21.) Deviation IQ is a statistic obtained by dividing a person’s test score by the average test score of people in the same age group and then multiplying the quotient by 100. The bad thing about the deviation IQ is that a. it does not allow comparison between people of different ages. 22.) What is the name for an effect in which people make decisions about a current situation based on what they behave previously invested in the situation? a. Sunk cost fallacy 23.) If two highly intelligent people (compared to the general population) have a child, that child is likely to be less intelligent than the parents, whereas if two less intelligent people have a child, this child likely to be more intelligent than the parents. This is called: (pg 407) a. Regression to the mean b. Heritable intelligence c. Counterbalancing d. Law of average 24.) Binet and Simon designted their test to measure a child’s aptitude forl learning independent of the child’s prior educational achievement, and it was in this sense that they called theirs a test of : a. Natural intelligence 25.) Which of the following strand of reasoning is NOT found on the Stanford-Binet intelligence test? a. Associative 26.) In the 1980s a mathematical technique called ________-- analysis brought the debate btw spearman and thurstone to an end a. Confirmatory factor analysis 27.) What is the relationship between the prefontal cortex and risky behavior? a. In healthy participants, an area of prefrontal cortex is activated during risky decision making, indicating a sensitivity to the future consequences. 28.) How do belief biases affect reasoning? a. Ppl rely on previously encoded memories in belief-laden reasoning and on more abstract thought process in belief-neutral reasoning 29.) Upon hearing or reading a sentence, do people retain the surface structure or the deep structure of a sentence? a. People retain the deep structure of the sentence 30.) When performing “factor analysis” researchers are interested in? a. Correlations between performance on different tests (Wrong) b. Participants overall performance (Correct) 31.) To design an intelligence test, we must operationalize intelligence. Thus we begin with the assumption that a property called _________ leads people to experience a wide variety of____. a. Intelligence, consequences 32.) Which hemisphere is responsible for language? a. Left hemisphere is primarily responsible for lang
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