1.) Which of the following is not an example of Sternberg’s three intelligences
a. Ans: Natural intelligence.
2.) What is function of Wernickes area?
a. Wernice’s area is associated with language comprehension.
3.) Which of the following is not a possible reason that one ethnic may obtain intelligence
b. Skin colour
c. Economic status
d. Biased test
Biases in the testing situation may explain some of the between group differences in
intelligent test scores.There is broad agreement in test scores that environment plays a
huge role.Although scientists have discovered some genes that are weakly associated in
intelligence, they are not more prevalent in one group more than the other.
4.) You are presented with four cards with a letter on one side and a number on the other.
Two of the cards are face down and two are facing up. You are told to verify a rule: if
there is a vowel on one side, there must be an even number on the other side. How
shoyukld the problem be phrased to make it easiest for people to solve.
a. You should express the problem as a mathematical equation
b. You should convert the abstract rules and symbols into real-life situation
c. You should use colours and pictograms instead of numbers and letters
d. The problem should be phrased in a more abstract manner to eliminate belief
5.) As shown in the lecture, chaser the dog is able to retrieve particular toys by name, as
requested by her owner. What aspect of language does this exemplify.
a. Receptive language
6.) The _____environment refers to those environmental factors that are experienced by all
relevant members of a household, wheras _________ environment refers to those
environmental factors that are not experienced by all relevant members of a household
a. Shared, nonshared 7.) Spear man measured how well school age children could discriminate differences in
auditory pitch, weight, colour, and he then correlated these scores with the children’s
grades in different academic subjects. He found that these measures were:
a. Positively correlated
8.) According to John Carrol the ability to see abstract relationships and draw logical
inferences is called
a. Fluid intelligence
9.) How do morphemes and phenomes relate t one another
a. Phonemes are combined to make morphemes
10.) Why did the government of France beguin to develop intelligence test?
a. To avoid mixing low intelligence students with high intelligence students
11.) How can stereotypes be useful?
a. Stereotypes can be useful when they provide information about how to behave in
particular situations. (ex. Arbys)
12.) How does sudden insight problem differ from methodical step-by-step analysis or
trial and error?
Hint: when given a sudden insight problem that they cannot solve, people can nontheliss detect
whether the problem is solvable.
Answer: Sudden insight results from weakly activated conceptual associations that are
suddenly detected and appear to have emerged spontaneously.
13.) In the Raven’s Progressive Matrix test, participants performance is measured by:
a. Progressively get more and more complex…how far along can you get…
The time it takes to solve a problem
The complexity of problems they are able to solve
The average of their scores on all tests
The number of items in each test
14.) According to Lewis Therman, ratio Iq is a statistic obtained by dividing a person’s
mental age by physical age and multiplying the quotient by: a. 100
15.) According to Galton, Intelligence was the result of a person’s
a. Internal wiring
16.) You encounter an animal and classify a dog, because it reminds you of other
dogs you have encountered. This an example of which theory?
a. Exemplar Theory
17.) Intelligence tests were originally developed
a. To help children succeed in school
18.) What impairments are common to people with Broca’s aphasia?
a. They have difficulty producing grammatical sentences and function morphemes
are usually missing
19.) How does language facilitate the transfer of consciousness from one organism to
a. Without language, it would be difficult to teach another organism what the first
organism has learned through experience
20.) What is aphasia?
a. Difficulty in producing or comprehending language
21.) Deviation IQ is a statistic obtained by dividing a person’s test score by the
average test score of people in the same age group and then multiplying the quotient by
100. The bad thing about the deviation IQ is that
a. it does not allow comparison between people of different ages.
22.) What is the name for an effect in which people make decisions about a current
situation based on what they behave previously invested in the situation?
a. Sunk cost fallacy
23.) If two highly intelligent people (compared to the general population) have a child,
that child is likely to be less intelligent than the parents, whereas if two less intelligent
people have a child, this child likely to be more intelligent than the parents. This is called:
a. Regression to the mean
b. Heritable intelligence
c. Counterbalancing d. Law of average
24.) Binet and Simon designted their test to measure a child’s aptitude forl learning
independent of the child’s prior educational achievement, and it was in this sense that
they called theirs a test of :
a. Natural intelligence
25.) Which of the following strand of reasoning is NOT found on the Stanford-Binet
26.) In the 1980s a mathematical technique called ________-- analysis brought the
debate btw spearman and thurstone to an end
a. Confirmatory factor analysis
27.) What is the relationship between the prefontal cortex and risky behavior?
a. In healthy participants, an area of prefrontal cortex is activated during risky
decision making, indicating a sensitivity to the future consequences.
28.) How do belief biases affect reasoning?
a. Ppl rely on previously encoded memories in belief-laden reasoning and on more
abstract thought process in belief-neutral reasoning
29.) Upon hearing or reading a sentence, do people retain the surface structure or the
deep structure of a sentence?
a. People retain the deep structure of the sentence
30.) When performing “factor analysis” researchers are interested in?
a. Correlations between performance on different tests (Wrong)
b. Participants overall performance (Correct)
31.) To design an intelligence test, we must operationalize intelligence. Thus we begin
with the assumption that a property called _________ leads people to experience a wide
a. Intelligence, consequences
32.) Which hemisphere is responsible for language? a. Left hemisphere is primarily responsible for lang