Chapter 10 notes
intelligence is the ability to direct one’s thinking, adapt to one’s
circumstances, and learn from one’s experiences
ratio IQ, which is a statistic obtained by dividing a person’s mental
age by the person’s physical age and then multiplying the quotient by
deviation IQ,which is a statistic obtained by dividing a person’s test
score by the average test score of people in the same age group and
then multiplying the quotient by 100.
s factor analysis, which is a statistical technique that explains a large
number of correlations in terms of a small number of underlying
two-factor theory of intelligence, which suggested that every task
requires a combination of a general ability (g)and skills that are
specific to the task (s).
physical coordination” (the ability that allows people to swat flies and
balance teacups well)
“academic skill” (the ability that allows people to understand
Shakespeare and sum numbers well).
eight independent middle-level abilities: memory and learning, visual
perception, auditory perception, retrieval ability, cognitive speediness,
processing speed, crystallized intelligence, and fluid intelligence.
Fluid intelligence isthe ability to see abstract relationships and draw
crystallized intelligence is the ability to retain and use knowledge that
was acquired through experience
Robert Sternberg believes there are. He suggests that there are three
kinds of intelligence, which he calls analytic intelligence, creative
intelligence, and practical intelligence.
Analytic intelligence is the ability to identify and defi