Chapter 12 Notes.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Steve Joordens

Chapter 12 Notes  Personalityis an individual’s characteristic style of behaving, thinking, and feeling.  self-report—a series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extent to which sets of statements or adjectives accurately describe their own behavior or mental state.  projective techniques, consist ofa standard series of ambiguous stimuli designed to elicit unique responses that reveal inner aspects of an individual’s personality.  Rorschach Inkblot Test,a projective personality test in which individual interpretations of the meaning of a set of unstructured inkblots are analyzed to identify a respondent’s inner feelings and interpret his or her personality structure  Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)is a projective personality test in which respondents reveal underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world through the stories they make up about ambiguous pictures of people.  a trait as a relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and consistent way.  The Big Five,as they are affectionately called, are the traits of the five-factor model: conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness to experience, and extraversion  The behavioral activation system (BAS), essentially a “go” system, activates approach behavior in response to the anticipation of reward  The behavioral inhibition system (BIS), a “stop” system, inhibits behavior in response to stimuli signaling punishment.  psychodynamic approach. According to this approach, personality is formed by needs, strivings, and desires largely operating outside of awareness—motives that can produce emotional disorders.  dynamic unconscious—an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person’s deepest instincts and desires, and the person’s inner struggle to control these forces.  id, is the part of the mind containing the drives present at birth; it is the source of our bodily needs, wants, desires, and impulses, particularly our sexual and aggressive drives.  he ego is the component of personality, developed through contact with the external world, that enables us to deal with life’s practical demands  superego, the mental system that reflects the internal-ization of cultural rules, mainly learned as parents exercise their authority.  defense mechanisms, which are unconscious coping mechanisms that reduce anxiety generated by threats from unacceptable impulses.  Rationalization is a defense mechanism that involves supplying a reasonable-sounding explanation for unacceptable feelings and behavior to conceal (mostly from oneself) one’s underlying motives or feelings  Reaction formation is a defense mechanism that involves unconsciously replacing threatening inner wishes and fantasies with an exaggerated version of their opposite.  Projection is a defense mechanism that involves attributing one’s own threatening feelings, motives, or impulses to another person or group  Regression is a defense mechanism in which the ego deals with internal conflict and perceived threat by reverting to an immature behavior or earlier stage of development, a time when things felt safer and more secure  Displacement is a defense mechanism that involves shifting unacceptable wishes or drives to a neutral or less threatening alternative  Identification is a defense mechanism that helps deal with feelings of threat and anxiety by enabling us unconsciousl
More Less

Related notes for PSYA02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.