Study Guides (238,352)
Canada (115,094)
Psychology (1,813)
PSYA02H3 (160)
Jordan (6)

Ch.13 Notes.doc

8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough

Ch13 Motivation and EmotionWHAT IS MOTIVATIONBiological needsmotivation a general term for a group of phenomena that affect the nature strength or persistence of an individuals behaviouroincludes stimuli that have become associated with pleasant or unpleasant events which motivate approach or avoidance behaviourregulatory behavioura behaviour that tend to bring physiological conditions back to normal thus restoring the condition of homeostasis ie eating drinking shivering huntinghomeostasis process by which important physiological characteristics such as body temperature and blood pressure are regulated so that they remain at their optimum leveldetection and correctiondeficits or imbalances motivate us because they cause us to perform appropriate regulatory behavioursRegulatory systemosystem variablethe variable controlled by a regulatory mechanism for example temperature in a heating systemoSet pointoptimum value of system variable in a regulatory mechanism The set point for human body temperature recorded orally is approximately 37 degrees CelsiusoDetector in a regulatory process a mechanism that signals when the system variable deviates from it set pointoCorrectional mechanismin a regulatory process the mechanism that is capable of restoring the system variable to set pointNegative feedbacka process whereby the effect produced by an action serves to diminish or terminate that actionRegulatory systems are characterized by negative feedback loops ie heat production in room feeds back to thermostat and causes it to turn heater offDrive reduction hypothesisthe hypothesis that a drive resulting from physiological need or deprivation produces an unpleasant state that causes an organism to engage in motivated behavioursReduction of drive is assumed to be reinforcing Drivea condition often caused by physiological changes or homeostatic disequilibrium that energizes an organisms behaviourie hungerOptimumLevel TheoryOptimumlevel hypothesisthe hypothesis that organisms will perform behaviour that restores the level of arousal to an optimum level
More Less

Related notes for PSYA02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.