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Chapter 12 lecture notes.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough

Chapter 12 (Lecture 7) 6/22/2012 12:45:00 PM Why is this interesting?  Because humans are unique  Animals use the quantity strategies where they make a lots of offspring and they have enough survive  For humans they have very few offspring but they require lots of attentions and takes a lot to raise them Some methods and terminology  Cross sectional study: compare different individual in different ages and groups and study how they react to certain things  Longitudinal study: study specific individual measuring certain traits over time and example, study 1 children over certain ages  Prenatal stage ( 38 week):  different stages in that o Zygote: first two weeks o Embryonic stage: two to 8 weeks o Fetal stage: last seven months  Infant stage: Birth to two years  Adolescent: harder to define  Adult stag: Old age Prenatal development  Zygote  Sperm fertilize the egg  egg starts to divide and multiply and differentiate into different kinds of cells but they all have the same DNA  Embryonic  at this point the hear begins to beat  they have the sensitivity to teratogens, this is when the fetus is very sensitive to chemicals  sexual differentiation becomes clear gender  if the baby is boy them the androgen is released then males are actually formed  Fetal stage bones start to form and the baby really starts to grow  this is after two months  Very difficult to know when the baby comes human because this is a very continuous process Infancy  It is the development of your perceptional skills  You must hold the baby’s head, because their body can not hold their head  A lot of this is about muscles, bones, and many other part of baby’s are develop  most children have a naïve sense of gravity  you start to see things and here noises by the time you are born  to say your name you have to have your sense of self and you get that around age 4 or 5  Main priority of infant is their development of their prosptial skills  Language is tied to cognitive development  Infant is particularly ready to learn certain things during certain periods  Lecture 8 6/22/2012 12:45:00 PM Cognitive development  Child is born with some memory  knowing mother’s voice, because the baby can here the baby’s voice,  We have very little control over out thoughts, they just run off, they don’t really exists in infants  Baby’s have to realize that there is a responsive world out there, and they have to learn this to develop cognitive development  Early stage into baby’s life the baby is trying to think of ways that she can affect the world  Jean Piaget o Started the development psychology o He was interested in could children perform mental operations o Schemata are how something works and knowledge about that  learn about the function of the world and what it does, it is knowledge of the world o Process of assimilations: they are try to assimilate thing from what they all already know  example, supply cup and a coffee mug o Accommodations: They do know have knowledge of something that all ready exist  something you can not accommodations until certain point o Matuarations: It is much more hard wire, and you can not control that example puberty we can not control when that happens to us there are 4 stages to this  Sensorimotor period: they say that if they can not see then it does not exists, if you up something under a blank
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