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Marc A Fournier

Exam notes: chapter 8 Personality: two fundamental features; first, each person is consistent to some extent and second each person is distinctive to some extent. The concept of personality is used to make sense out of the behaviour and expressed feelings of others. ID: is entirely unconscious and can be understood through dreams and anxiety. Freud concludes that it is our instinctual needs such as food, water, sexual gratification, and avoidance of pain. the ID has only one purpose, to obtain immediate satisfaction. Pleasure principle: is the impulsion towards immediate satisfaction without regards for value, good or evil, or morality and has no logic. Ego: is the conscious self which mediates between ID's blind desires and the logic of the external world. Ego obeys the reality principle Reality Principle: realistic and safe way of preforming the instinctual needs of the ID. Super Ego: emerges in the first 5 years of life; it compromises our societal standards of right and wrong that are taught to us by out parents. Super ego is mainly unconscious and we are unaware of its operations, it uses guilt as a weapon to punish the wrong doings of the ID and Ego. Defence Mechanisms: main purpose is to reduce the anxiety crated by the conflicting demands of ID, Super Ego, and External reality. Defence mechanism and anxiety are complementary concepts. Levels of defence mechanisms: • psychotic delusion projection- delusion about external reality denial- denial of external reality, denying to accept illness distortion- grossly reshaping external reality to suit inner need • immature projection- giving ones own unacknowledged behaviour to another, “your angry not me” schizoid fantasy- use inner fantasy to solve problem or get gratification hypochondriasis- overwhelming feeling of having a physical illness. Passive aggressive behaviour- aggression against others directed against the self. Acting out- expression of an unconscious wish to prevent the though about the anxious issue • neurotic intectualization- thinking about wishes but not acting upon them repression- forgetting information displacement- directing the feeling of anger on one person on to another person reaction formation- unconsciously being rude to a hated coworker dissociation: temporary but drastic modification of ones character to avoid emotion distress. • mature altruism- constructive and gratifying service to others humor- playful acknowledgement of feelings without any discomfort. Suppression- conscious decision to prevent conscious thought of the conflict. Anticipation- realistic thoughts about future inner discomfort, losing a parent. Sublimination- indirect way of expressing instinctual wishes, art, sports, etc. TypeAcoronary prone behaviour patter: an action emotion that can be seen in anyone who is struggling to achieve more and more in less and less time. Components of TypeAcoronary phrone behaviour patter: • insecurity of status- no mater how successful, they often compare themselves to higher achievers and have lack of self esteem. • hyperaggressiveness- desire to dominate others and damage their self esteem. • free floating hostility- finds too many things to get upset about • sens of time urgency (hurry sickness)- speeding up daily activities and doing 2 things at a time. Q-Technique- is a generalized procedure that is especia
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