PSYB10 Exam Topic Review Sheet (Fall 2012)

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYB10 Fall 2012 REVISEDTopic Review Sheet - Final Exam How to use this review sheet: Below you will find a bulleted list of topics that may be on the exam. Anything that is bulleted is a distinct topic that you may find on the exam. The topics are arranged hierarchically to help you organize the ideas in your mind. The best way to study for the exam is to briefly describe each topic in your own words. Then, go back through the review sheet and come up with an example of each topic or make your own test question for the topic. If you can do these things, then you have fully learned the material. Important Note:The indentation is simply to help you organize the concepts in your mind, but any bulleted topic below is fair game for the exam. Even the top-level topics are considered to be unique concepts that you should be able to define (e.g., you need to be able to define “Culture” as well as “Ethnicity”). Group Processes • Groups • Social groups • Social norms • Social roles • The Stanford Prison Experiment • Group cohesiveness • Destructive groups (Cults) • Defining characteristics of destructive cults • Deindividuation • Social facilitation and social loafing • Social facilitation • Social loafing • Process of Social Facilitation or Social Loafing: Evaluation,Arousal, andTask Complexity • Group decision making • Group think • Antecedents • Symptoms • Consequences PSYB10 Fall 2012 Emotions • What is an emotion? • What is not an emotion? • 6 basic emotions • Complex emotions • Affect blends • Positive emotions • Self-conscious emotions • Measuring emotions • Self-report • Facial action muscles • Emotional facial displays • Nonverbal communication • Encoding • Decoding • Facial EMG • Facial Action Coding System • Components of emotion • Time span of emotion • Physiological component • Peripheral nervous system • Central nervous system • Proper inference of psychophysiology • James-LangeTheory of Emotion • Directed facial action task • Cognitive component • Cognitive appraisals • Two-FactorTheory of Emotion • Two-factor theory of love/misattribution of arousal • Dutton & Aron Bridge Study • Behavioural component • Facial display • Body posture • Vocal tone • Touch • Action PSYB10 Fall 2012 • Action tendencies of emotions • Universality/Functionality of emotions • Adaptive value of emotions • Expression of emotion • Ekman studies on universality of emotion • Culturally-specific emotions Morality • Moralization • Moral reasoning • Moral emotions • Feelings as information • “Moral triad” of emotions • Social Intuitionist Model • Dual-process theory of moral reasoning • Emotional processes • Utilitarian processes • Neural structures involved in rational and emotional moral reasoning Initial Attraction • Proximity • Propinquity effect • Familiarity • Mere-exposure • Similarity • Versus complementarity • Reciprocity & Attraction/Reciprocal Liking • Subtle liking cues • Attractiveness • What is attractive? • Attractiveness in men and women • Why these features might be important • Symmetry • Averageness • Babyfacedness • Cultural influence PSYB10 Fall 2012 • Attractiveness and liking/attraction • Beautifulness-is-good Stereotype • Cultural shifts in attractiveness • Attractiveness and relationships • Matching hypothesis • Misattribution of Arousal • Dutton & Aron Bridge study • Scarcity & Attraction Close Relationships • Evolutionary perspectives on relationships • Evolutionary fitness • Polygamy and monogamy • Reproductive investment • Sexual “Choosiness” • Sexual dimorphism • Biological basis of monogamy: Oxytocin & Dopamine • Homosexuality • Human mating • Polygamous and monogamous features of humans • Human Mate Selection • Need to belong • Motivation of belonging • Evolutionary explanations: • Sociometer theory • Human “Survival tactics” • Development of human children • Social isolation • Effects of social isolation • Harlow’s Monkeys • AttachmentTheory • Imprinting • Adult Attachment • Attachment styles • Secure • Anxious-Ambivalent PSYB10 Fall 2012 • Avoidant • Fearful avoidant • Dismissive avoidant • Attachment dimensions • Global versus specific attachment orientations • Closeness • Cognitive Component • Self-expansion theory • InterdependenceTheory/Investment Model • Social ExchangeTheory • Commitment • Satisfaction • Reward/cost ratio • Comparison level • Quality of alternatives • Investment • Affective Component • Theories of Love • Companionate Love • Passionate Love • Positive illusions • Behavioural Component • Co-operative dilemmas • Relationship Dissolution • What couples do well • Novel experiences • Why relationships fail • How relationships fail • Rejection • Neurochemical basis of rejection • Relationship between social pain and physical pain Culture • Culture • Nationality • Ethnicity • Identification PSYB10 Fall 2012 • Meaning System • Describing Culture • Language Issues • Translation Efficacy (i.e.,“Lost inTranslation?”) • Back translation • How Does Culture Affect Us? • Cognitive Mechanisms • Cognitive Framing • Cultural Primes • DialecticalThinking • Culture effects on Affect: • Emotional Complexity • Cultural Behaviour: • Social Norms • Social Roles • Moving Between Cultures • Ac
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