Study Guides (238,094)
Canada (114,915)
Psychology (1,813)
PSYB10H3 (125)

PSYB10 WebOption, MIDTERM Study Guide

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Introduction to Social Psychology Lecture 1: Methods and Social Cognition Correlational Designs: Proper Interpretation, if you have a Correlational study, you can say that the two aspects co-vary each other and predict each other but not causation. Theory of mind: to predict what somebody else is thinking and to know that your thoughts are not their thoughts. (occurs around 3-4 years if age) Lay theory: what people in general think or believe Social Cognition: controlled cognition for example taking a test and focusing. Automatic cognition is when you think about doctors, nurses come to mind automatically. Pre-attentive processes: something that catches your attention following by possible actions, for example, someone pulls out a gun, it catches your attention and you hide for cover. Pilot study: where they develop the stimuli, for example, Snyders initial Self-fulfilling Prophecy method Semantic network: the categorization of different things and its relationships in your mind. For example, robins are related to birds whereas ostrich would be further related. Accessibility and Priming: recently thought about things are more easily related to current social situations. Wegners study on Thought Repression, demonstrating the very act of saying Im not thinking about it becomes hyper-accessible. Ways you can process information and social world: Algorithms, and Heuristics Algorithms: has to go in order, have to actively use mental resources (effortful) but low error rate. It is successful but not used often Heuristics: more common strategy, such as schemas. Thinking about more than one thing making more than one association at one time. Availability Heuristic: example, when she is trying to think how frequent something is going to occur broad questions like how was your summer. These will be based on accessibility. This tends to result in overestimating their frequency. o For example, when you walk down a dark ally, you are afraid of being murdered rather than getting TB. This is because murder is more frequency seen on news rather than TB (thus being more accessible) when in reality TB incidence rates are much higher than murder. Representativeness Heuristic: related to prototype matching, for example, there is a group of 70% marketing executives and 30% computer engineers. Mia is a person in this group, she play war craft, and has glasses. People say she is a computer engineer. She seems to represent the computer category Anchoring and Adjustment Heuristic: you anchor on what you want to do and adjust based on how you think the context will affect you but in actuality, you do not efficient enough and thus predict the wrong things Simulation Heuristic: for example, you go to a hockey game, you move up to an empty seat. But the original seat you were at won 1 million dollars. This shows counterfactual thinking, replaying what could have happened but what didnt happened. Exam Question 1: D, all the other are Quesi-Experimental Designs. Lecture 2: The Self Part 1
More Less

Related notes for PSYB10H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.