Social Perception

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould
Semester
Summer

Description
Social Perception: How We Come to Understand Other People Culture and Nonverbal Communication Display rules are particular to each culture and dictate what kind of emotional expression people are supposed to show North American cultural norms discourage emotional displays in men. In Japan, traditional cultural rules dictate that women should not exhibit a wide, uninhibited smile In collectivist cultures, the expression of strong negative emotions is discouraged because to do so can disrupt group harmony Emblems are nonverbal gestures that have well-understood definitions within a given culture; they usually have direct verbal translations The important point about emblems is that they, too, are not universal; each culture has devised its own emblems Many forms of nonverbal behavior are specific to a given culture. A gesture that has meaning in one culture may not mean anything in another. Moreover, the same nonverbal behavior can exist in two cultures, but have very different meanings in each Gender and Nonverbal Communication Women are better at both decoding and encoding nonverbal information. Although women are more accurate in interpreting nonverbal cues when a person is telling the truth, men are better at detecting lies Social role theory is the theory that sex differences in social behavior derive from societys division of labor between the sexes; this division leads to difference in gender-role expectations and sex-typed skills, both of which are responsible for difference in mens and womens social behavior According to Alice Eaglys social role theory, most societies have a division of labor based on gender, whereby men work in jobs outside the home, and women work within the home. This division of labor has two important consequences: First, gender-role expectations arise. Members of the society expect men and women to have certain attributes that are consistent with their role Second, men and women develop different sets of skills and attitudes, based on their experiences in their gender roles Finally, because women are less powerful in many societies and less likely to occupy roles of higher status, it is more important for women to learn to be accommodating and polite than it is for men According to Eagly, gender role expectations and sex-typed skills combine to produce sex differences in social behavior Judith Hall first classified 11 countries as to the level of oppression of women, based on such statistic as the number of women who go to college and the prevalence of womens groups in each country She then examined how likely women in each country were to show the politeness pattern when reading other peoples nonverbal behaviors that is, to focus on nonverbal cues that convey what people want others to see and to ignore nonverbal cues that leak peoples true feelings The tendency of women to be nonverbally polite in this manner was especially strong in those cultures where women are most oppressed www.notesolution.com
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