Chapter 9 Study Questions

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Social Psychology, 4Ce (AronsonWilsonAkertFehr) Chapter 9 Interpersonal Attraction: From First Impressions to Close Relationships Ch. 9-01 The more we see and interact with other people, the more likely they are to become our friends. This statement captures the essence of the _______ effect. A) antecedent B) propinquity C) similarity D) mere exposure E) reciprocity Answer: B Type: MC Page Ref: 267 Skill: Factual Ch. 9-02 Sir Peter Ustinov (1977) wrote that ...friends are not necessarily the people you like best, they are merely the people who got there first. This quotation best reflects the power of _______ as an antecedent of attraction. A) physical characteristics B) propinquity C) equity D) random encounters E) physical attractiveness Answer: B Type: MC Page Ref: 267 Skill: Conceptual Ch. 9-03 Leon Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back (1950) traced friendship formations among couples in an apartment complex at MIT. They found that residents were most likely to be friends with people A) whom their partners befriended first. B) who lived closer to them. C) of the same gender. D) who were shared similar backgrounds. E) similar to them. Answer: B Type: MC Page Ref: 267-268 Skill: Conceptual Ch. 9-04 Jacob is about to start a new job. Given that he is shy and introverted and wants to avoid making friends at all costs, he should choose the office that is located A) at the far end of the hall. B) next to the cafeteria. C) nextdoor to the copy room. D) next to the water cooler. E) by the vending machines. Answer: A Type: MC Page Ref: 269-270 Skill: Conceptual Ch. 9-05 Had you sat in the back row of your classes instead of the front, shopped at Safeway instead of a local market, lived in the south end of town instead of the north, you might have married someone entirely different. This illustrates the power of _______ in the formation of relationships. A) mere exposure B) sociometric status C) functional interactions 1 Copyright 2010 Pearson Education Canada D) chance E) random encounters Answer: A Type: MC Page Ref: 269 Skill: Conceptual Ch. 9-06 You are very dissatisfied with your current relationships and want to develop new ones. One strategy is to take advantage of the propinquity effect by A) moving to a new situation or locale. B) finding people whose personalities complement your own. C) spending more time with people who seem to like you. D) improving your physical appearance. E) find people who have different opinions than you do. Answer: A Type: MC Page Ref: 269-270 Skill: Applied Ch. 9-07 Which of the following adages most directly contradicts research findings on the propinquity effect? A) Never judge a book by its cover. B) Opposites attract. C) Birds of a feather flock together. D) Familiarity breeds contempt. E) You never get a second chance to make a good first impression. Answer: D Type: MC Page Ref: 269-270 Skill: Conceptual Ch. 9-08 When Leon Festinger and his colleagues studied friendship patterns among married couples in an apartment complex at MIT, they found that people who lived at the foot of the stairs or near mailboxes had more friends on upper floors than did other people who lived on the first floor. This illustrates the power of _______ to influence friendship patterns. A) similarity B) movement patterns C) functional distance D) chance E) physical distance Answer: C Type: MC Page Ref: 267-268 Skill: Conceptual Ch. 9-09 The concept of _______ distance refers to certain aspects of architectural design that make it more likely that some people will come into contact with each other more often than with other people. A) practical B) social C) physical D) functional E) actual Answer: D Type: MC Page Ref: 267-268 Skill: Factual Ch. 9-10 The term functional distance refers to A) the role that physical distance plays in the initiation of relationships. B) the preferred distance between people that varies as a function of the quality of their relationship. C) the level of comfort that people experience, depending on their distance from others. D) psychological distance that follows from certain aspects of architectural design. 2 Copyright 2010 Pearson Education Canada
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