Chapter 10 Quiz
1. When an unfamiliar adult offers Heather a toy, she hesitates and looks at her mother, who smiles and says, “That is a nice toy.” Heather then reaches out and takes the toy.
This is an example of
a) emotional contagion.
b) social referencing.
2. One-year-old Kaylee sees an unfamiliar toy. She looks for her mother, who smiles at her and says “Look at the funny, orange hippo!” Kaylee then moves toward the toy.
Kaylee is demonstrating
a) social referencing.
b) problem-centered coping.
c) effortful control.
d) emotional self-efficacy.
3. Between the ages of 1 and 2 years, children
a) begin to appreciate that others’emotional reactions may differ from their own.
b) can reconcile conflicting cues when explaining others’emotions.
c) begin to engage in social referencing.
d) detect emotions by matching the caregiver’s feeling tone in face-to-face communication.
4. In the United States, child-care environments that provide the very worst care tend to serve __________ families, who are likely to place their children in __________,
where quality tends to be lowest.
a) low-income; charitable settings.
b) single-parent; relatives' homes
c) middle SES; for-profit centers
d) poverty-stricken; neighborhood facilities
5. Researchers have found that the still-face reaction occurs in infants when natural human communication is disrupted, suggesting that it may be a
a) classically conditioned response.
b) sign of boredom or fatigue.
c) cultural phenomenon.
d) built-in withdrawal response to caregivers’lack of communication.
6. Functionalist theorists believe that emotions result from __________ events.
b) personally relevant
d) extremely positive or negative
7. Dr. Camp believes that the broad function of emotion is to energize behavior aimed at attaining personal goals. Dr. Camp takes a ___________ approach to emotion.
8. Because Alice’s inhibited disposition interfered with learning and getting along with others, Alice’s mother gently but consistently counteracted Alice’s maladaptive style.
Alice’s mother demonstrates
a) goodness of fit.
b) effortful control.
c) a nonshared environment.
d) emotion-centered coping.
9. Many shy children show greater EEG activity in the right frontal lobe, which is associated with
a) positive emotional reactivity.
b) indifference to social norms and expectations.
c) negative emotional reactivity.
d) a lack of empathy toward others’distress.
10. According to Thomas and Chess’s model of temperament, about 40 percent of children are identified as
a) unique blends of temperamental characteristics.
11. In the first few weeks of life, the _________ of shy children are consistently _________ than those of sociable children.
a) blood pressure levels; lower
b) body temperatures; higher
c) cortisol levels; lower
d) heart rates; higher
12. Baby Ryan quickly establishes regular routines, is generally cheerful, and adapts easily to new experiences. According to Thomas and Chess, Ryan is a(n) _______
a) slow-to-warm up
c) shy, inhibited
d) difficult 13. Parents’communication evokes an infant’s social smile between
a) 2 and 5 weeks.
b) 6 and 10 weeks.
c) 12 and 16 weeks.
d) 5 and 6 months.
14. Ten-month-old -old Jin is most likely to express sadness when he is
a) unable to reach a desired toy.
b) put down for