PSYB30 LECT 04.docx

6 Pages
60 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Professor
Connie Boudens
Semester
Winter

Description
PersonalityAssessment The process of evaluating individual differences through tests, interviews, and observations INVOLVES USE OF SYSTEMATIC STANDARDIZED PROCEDURES FOR OBSERVING AND MEASURINGAND RECORDING BEHAVIOURSAND PERSONALITY FEATURES. Systematic, standardized procedures for observing, measuring, and recording behaviours and personality features. What makes a good personality test? Reliability across: TEST IS GOING TO GIVE SAME RESULT NO MATTER HOW MANT TIMES OR WAYS U TEST Time DIFFERENTADMINISTERATION OF TEST COULD BE TESTED BY TEST RE-TEST REILABILITY (U SHOULD SEE SOME CORR BTWALL TEST).ALSOALTERNATIVE FORMS Items ; ACROSS ITEMS, CHRONBACH’S ALPHASHOULD BE GREATER THAN .70. SOMETIMES UAREASKING DIFF QUESTIONS TESTING FOR THE SAME THING COSAPERSONALITYATTRIBUTE MIGHT HAVE DIFFERENT ITEM/ASPECT BUT WHAT U SHOULD SEE IS THE ITEMS SHOULD HANG TOGETHER. SO CHRONBACH TELLS U HOWALLTHE ITEMS HANG TOGETHER Raters INTERRATER RELIABILITY Validity MEANS IT MEASURE WHAT ITS MEANT TO Construct TEST IS CLOSELYALIGNED WITH CONSTRUCT UARE TRYING TO MEASURE. CONSTRUCT ISANYTHING U CANT MEASURE DIRECTLY E.G. PERSONALITY, UAV TO INFER WHAT IT IS. IF U TEST IS TO HAVE CONSTRUCT VALIDITY IT HAS TO TAP INTO WHAT THE CONSTRUCT REALLY IS. Face DOES THE TEST LOOK LIKE WHAT UARE TRYING TO MEASURE ON THE FACE OF IT? E.G. BAXTER RETCHING FACES (THE BARF NAUSEASCALES) Criterion PREDICTIVE VALIDITY, HOW EFFECTIVE IS THE TESTASA CRITERION OF SOMETHING U EXPECT THE PERSON TO BEABLE TO DO Of special concern in test development: Convergent validity Discriminant validity Types of PersonalityAssessment Dream analysis Interviews Observation Objective Tests MMPI MBTI NEO - PI (r) Projective Tests Sentence completion Rorschach Inkblot Test ThematicApperception Test Dream Analysis Psychodynamic approach Dreams represented the unconscious desires of the dreamer ASSOCIATED WITH THE PSYCHODYNAMICAPPROACH. FREUD THOUGHT DREAMS REPRESENT UR UNCONCIOUS DESIRES.AND THEY GAVEAGOOD ACCESS TO THE SUBCONCIOUS (ROYALROAD TO THE UNCONCIOUS). WORKED ON DREAMANALYSISAND USED ITAS PART OF TREATMENT WITH PATIENT. FREUD THOUGHT TO REDUCEANXIETYTHE EGO DISGUISES THE TRUE (LATENT) CONTENT OF DREAMS USING SYMBOLS (MANIFEST CONTENT). MANIFEST CONTENT IS ANALYSED TO DISCOVER REPRESSED FEELINGS. Interviews Face-to-face meeting to get information about someone’s personality, current psychological state, personal history, etc. Unstructured Structured FACE-TO-FACE MEETING TO GET INFOABOUT PERSONLITY, PERSONAL HISTORY, ETC. MANY DIFF TYPES OF INTERVIEWS. 1) UNSTRCTURED: CONVERSATION INFORMAK, TOPICS DISSCUSSEDATHEYARISE 2) STRUCTURED: FOLLOWSAPRE-ARRANGED PLAN USING SERIES OF PLANNED QUESTIONS Potential biases Confirmation Bias : MAKINGAN INFERENCE AT THE OUTSETAND MAKING QUESTIONS TO CONFIRM IT. Halo effect GENERALIZATION BASED ON PREDOMINANT FEATURES, WHICH MAY BE UNRELATED TO PERSONALITY. Social desirability FAKING GOOD: GIVE UANSWERS THEYTHINKARE THE MORE SOCIALLYACCEPTABLE ONES, DISSIMULATIONS: COVERING THINGS AND NOTADMITTING, FAKING BAD:APPEARING TO BE TOUGHER THAM U ARE Observation ASSESSING BEHAVIOUR THROUGH DIRECT SURVEILLANCE Direct surveillance Selecting observers Professional personality assessors DISADVANTAGE- MIGHT NOTAV ACCESS TO THE PERSONALLTHE TIME People who actually know the target person TRAINED OBSERVERS: E.G. INSTEAD OF HAVE TEACHER OBSERVE THE CHILD, HAVE PARENTS DO IT INSTEAD. OFTEN IN BETTER POSITION TO OBSERVE TARGETS NATURAL BEHAVIOUR INAVARITEY OF CONTEXTS. DIS: MAYBE BIASED BECAUSE OF RELATIONSHIPTO TARGET. Naturalistic vs.Artificial Observation OR SOME MEDIALPOINT BTWN 2 NATURALISTIC: OBSERVER RECORD EVENTS THAT OCCUR IN THE NORMAL COURSE OF LIVE OF THE PARTICIPANT. ARTIFICIAL: OCCURS INARTIFICIALSETTING OR SITUATION.ADVANTAGE: CONTROLLING CONDITIONAND ELICITING RELEVANT BEHAVIOUR. Objective Personality Measures Involve standard set of questions or statements. SAME FOR EVERYONE E.G I’M USUALLY EMBARRASED OR I LIKE TO GO TO PARTIES. PERSONS RESPONSE COMPARED TO STANDARDIZED ESTABLISHED NORMS FROM RESPONSE, DEVELOPAPICTUREACALLED PERSONILITY PROFILE Responses compared to established norms. From responses, develop a picture called a ‘personality profile’ Possible response options: T/F or Y/N Dimensional scale 1-5 SCALE Visual analog GRAPHIC INDICATOR FOR THINGS E.G. BRAF SCALE Adjective checklist LIST OFADJECTIVESAND U JUST TICK THE ONES THAT DESCRIBE U. Terminology OBEJECTIVE PERSONALITY MEASURES Administration GIVING SOMEONE TEST. Test, scale, measure, or instrument THE ENTIRE COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS INTENDED TOASSESSANASPPECT ORASPECTS OF PERSONALITY. Item AN INDIVIDUAL QUESTION Minnesota Multiphasic Personality InventorEdition One of the most widely used personality tests Originally published in 1943 to measure of psychopathology NOW FOR MANY THINGS. HAS BEEN USED FOR MANY PREDICTIVE PURPOSES, FROM PERSONNELSELECTION TO MARRIAGE SUITABILITY Norms based on profiles of normal people and psychiatric patients CHOOSE ITEMS THAT BEST DISCRIMINATED BETWEEN BOTH. DO ITEMS DICRIMINATE BETWEEN PEOPLE WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERAND WITHOUT IT? EX. MUCH OF THE TIME MY HEAD SEEMS TO HURTALLOVER ENORSED BY 4% NORMALPEOPLE 10 scales that result in a profile that integrates these clinical dimension of pathology and personality: Hypochondriasis, Depression, Hysteria, Psychopathic Deviate, Masculinity- Femininity, Paranoia, Psychasthenia, Schizophrenia, Hypomania, and Social Introversion JUST KNOW THEREARE TEN DON’T KNOWALLTHE INDIVIDUAL NAMES. KNOW MOST OF THEMARE RELATED TO PSYCHOLOGICALDISORDERS.
More Less

Related notes for PSYB30H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit