Chapter 7: Fill in the blanks

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Connie Boudens

Chapter 71What are the major divisions of the NSWhat are the key parts and their functions2These are the four ways we study NeuroscienceBodily responses When our body responds to arousing events in the environment it is thethat responds When arousedresponds by increasing heart rate blood pressure blood flow to the extremities respiration sweating and muscle activityiGalvanic skin response GSRiiElectromyography EMGBrain structureicomputerized tomography CTiimagnetic resonance imaging MRI Brain activityielectroencephalogram EEG iipositron emission tomography PETiiifunctional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI ivTranscranial magnetic stimulation TMSBiochemical activityiNeurotransmittersNorepinephrine epinephrine dopamine andserotonin3What are the 4 characteristics of temperament outlined by Zuckerman How is personality related to the search for the biological basis of personalityChapter 74Clustered under Extraversion are the following traitsPositive emotion reward sensitivity social rewards sociability approach5Clustered under Neuroticism are the following traits 6Clustered under Impulsivity are the following traits Psychoticism lack of constraint sensation seeking novelty seeking lack of conscientiousness lack of agreeableness7Both the FFM and the Big Five split Eysencks Psychoticism factor into8Other researchers write about an approach temperament ie Extraversion and an avoidance temperament Neuroticism or positive emotionality Extraversion and negative emotionality Neuroticism 910Eysencks idea that the differences in personality are genetic and biological were evidenced bycrosscultural universality in traitsiOne study of personality in 25 diverse countries including Uganda Nigeria Japan Mainland China the United States the Soviet Union Hungary Bulgaria and the former Yugoslavia suggested thatconsistency in these three traits over time despite changing environmentsrobust finding that Extraversion Neuroticism and Psychoticism each have moderate heritability11Although Eysenck suspected that arousal and attention were involved with all three of his factors he admitted that
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