PSYB30_lec 4.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

PSYB30 Lecture4 John Bowlby why orphans had so many adjustment difficulties talked about primacy of infantcaregiver relationintroduced an Attachmentbehavioural system evolved goaldirected behavioural system that regulated childrens distancesproximity from their caregiversthis system would be adaptive in history This system works with the PRIMARY caregivermom or dadmostly mom children that are not bonded to parents and parents that are not bonded to childrenmaladaptive kids wander away from their parents wout distress they are at a greater risk of being injuredkilleddecreased reproductive fitnessthis system ensured that caregivers and children remained in close proximity attachment system is a behaviouralregulatory system that functions like a barometerthermostat to measure distanceproximity When things are okcircumstances are safesecure the acceptable distance from mom is longerlarger children can move further awaywander away and can explore the environment When circumstances are unsafea stranger appears this forces the child to seek proximityreturn to mother The acceptable nondistressing distance depends on how familiar or unfamiliar the environment is Mothers serve 2 important functions in the development of the child 1 mothers role as a secure base exploratory source 2 safe haven against strangers plasticity of the systemcalibratedadjusted over the course of ones developmentgets fine tunedspecific to each child We all come into the world w the same attachment system but how they get adjusteddepends on our unique developmental experiencesInternal Working model generates internal representations of infant in relation to significant others we have representation of ourselves and our caregivers and whether or not we are worthy of the attentioncareprotection that the caregivers provide and whether the caregivers are trustworthy in terms of the careprotection they offer representation of self and how goodworthy we are and representation of caregivers and how reliabletrustworthydependable they are as sources of carebased on childrens developmental experiences and evaluationsworking models will changediff from other ppls sequence of responses when children are separated from caregivers 1 Protestfirst reaction cry outyellscream to get mothers attentionadaptive disturbsdistresses momshe reduces the distance bn her and child 2 Despairif mom doesnt respond child softens its vocal behaviour and goes from being angryfrustrated to being sad 3 Deattachmentchild shuts down its despairing behaviours child seems in PEACE w moms absence if mom doesnt comemaladaptive to keep cryingprotestingbc that sends signals to predators
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